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-ing form/ to-infinitive/ infinitive without to The English lessons
infinitive without to -ing form to-infinitive Forms
The -ing form is used: After the verbs: love, like, enjoy, prefer, dislike, hate For example: Liza prefers dancing alone. After the verbs: spend, waste, lose (time, money,etc) For example: He spends all time playing computer games.
After the verbs: hear, listen to, notice, see, watch, feel to describe an incomplete action. I saw John waiting for the taxi. After the verbs: admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, deny, fancy, go (for activities), imagine, mind, miss, practise, prevent, quit, save, suggest. You should continue studying English.
After expression such as: be busy, its no use, its no good, its (not) worth, whats the use of, cant help, theres no point (in), cant stand, have difficulty (in), have trouble. Its no use complaining all the time. think of, apologise for. I apologised for being later.
The -ing form is used: After the preposition to with verbs: object to, look forward to, be used to. in addition to. After prepositions : After, on, by, before, without, instead of, besides He went to school without eating any breakfast.
The to-infinitive form is used: After would like, would love, would prefer. For example: I would love to come to your party After certain verbs that refer to the future (agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, pian, promise, refuse, want) For example: I want you to come.
The to-infinitive is used: After too / enough After verbs and expressions such as ask, deside, explain, learn, find out. After ajectives which describe feelings/ emotions, express willingness/ un willingness or refer to a person character
The infinitive without to is used: After modal verbs (Sally can speak English) After the verbs: let, make, see, hear, feel (My brother made me apologise) After had better and would rather. (You had better put a jacket on) +
Differences in meaning between the to- infinitive and – ing form ForgetNot rememberto-infinitive += Forget + -ing form Not recall = RememberNot forgetto-infinitive Recall -ing form Remember + + = =
Differences in meaning between the to- infinitive and – ing form to-infinitive Do something as an experiment Attempt, do ones best Try -ing form + += = Finish doing something Stop temporarily in order to do something else to-infinitive Stop = = + + -ing form