He was born June 21, 1958 Place of birth: village Nyaksimvol, Berezovsky District, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Tyumen region
He graduated from the Kostroma Technological Institute in 1980 and the All-Union Correspondence Institute of Law in 1989.
He began his career in In 1982 he began working in the office of the Leninsky Komsomol organizations department head of district committee of the city of Chelyabinsk.
From 1984 to 1990, Sergei Sobyanin was the leading party and Soviet work in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District of the Tyumen region. In Head of the State Tax Inspectorate in Kogalym, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug.
From 1991 to 1993 he was the head of the city administration Kogalym.
In , Sobyanin worked as first deputy head of administration of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug. Since Chairman of the Duma of the Khanty- Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, a member of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Legislation and Judicial and Legal Affairs.
In , Sobyanin was the first deputy presidential envoy in the Urals Federal District. From 2001 to 2005, Sergei Sobyanin was governor of the Tyumen region. Since November Head of the Presidential Administration. May 12, 2008, he was Deputy Prime Minister - Chief of Staff of the Russian government.
October 21, 2010, Sergei Sobyanin on the proposal of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has been endowed with the authority of the Moscow City Duma Moscow mayor for five years.
June 4, 2013, Sergei Sobyanin said he intends to appeal to the President with his resignation - for the direct election of the mayor in September. June 5, President of Russia Vladimir Putin accepted the resignation of Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin signed a decree appointing him as acting mayor of Moscow before taking office the person elected mayor of Moscow. June 17 Sobyanin filed documents to participate in the elections the capital's mayor. Acting Mayor participated in the elections as a self-promoter.
September 9 Mosgorizbirkom reported that the results of counting 100% of protocols of election commissions Sobyanin scored 51.37% and became the mayor of Moscow. Sobyanin awarded the Order of Merit (2003) and the medal "For Services to the Fatherland" II degree (1999), Medal of Stolypin I degree (2010). Sergei Sobyanin is married, has two daughters in the family.
According to the information on income, property and property obligations of persons holding public office of the Russian Federation, in 2012, Sergei Sobyanin has earned more than 5.3 million rubles. He owns jointly owned with his wife flat area of 118 square meters and garage area of 26.8 square meters.