Changes in European Art During the Enlightenment Rococo Marie-Louise O'Murphy – Francois Boucher Neo-Classical the Enlightenment changes the way people see life a new style of art develops in France that reflects a more frivolous approach to life Romantic The Lictors Bringing Brutus the Bodies of His Sons - David
François Boucher, A Lady Fastening Her Garter (La Toilette) Rococo
ROCOCO An art style ( ) that reflected the human potential of the ENLIGHTENMENT. It placed emphasis on portraying the CAREFREE life of the ARISTOCRACY rather than on grand heroes or pious martyrs. LOVE and ROMANCE were considered to be better subjects for art than historical or religious subjects. Purposes: TO ENTERTAIN BY PORTRAYING THE CAREFREE LIFE OF THE ARISTOCRACY Characteristics of Rococo Art: arabesque (Muslim inspired), shells, elaborate designs asymmetrical character very intricate themes of artificiality, make-believe, and game-playing use of pastel colors often have light colors
The Lictors Bringing Brutus the Bodies of His Sons Lucius Brutus was a high-ranking government official in Rome. Brutus two sons participate in a conspiracy against the Roman republic and are put to death as traitors, but their father does not use his political power to obtain mercy for them and so suffers silently. David was a politically active artist he uses this story to criticize officials of the French government on the eve of the French Revolution for not sacrificing for their country as Brutus did.
Neoclassical Art The Neo-Classical style ( ) developed as a REACTION AGAINST ROCOCO. Artists believed that their art should serve a higher purpose than to entertain aristocrats. They believed that art should EDUCATE people about virtue and a HIGHER MORAL PURPOSE. Purposes: ART SHOWED A RETURN TO MORE TRADITIONAL TIMES, AND ENCOURAGED ORDER, REASON, AND DISCIPLINE Characteristics of Neo-Classical Art: based on classical Greek and Roman art and culture heroic people in scenes from history figures look idealized and perfect bodies are draped in togas, or in formal, elegant clothing, or are nude faces are often calm, without emotion brush strokes are smooth, barely visible
Moonrise over the Sea Friedrich uses nature to convey a mood. Sunset has a certain amount of natural light. The people are small in scale in relation to nature.
Romantic Art The romantic period lasted from about 1800 to the 1850s. Romantic artists believed in the importance of returning to nature. Romantic works of art showed strong imagination and emotion, rather than the reason and intellect more common in neoclassical art. Purposes: reaction to Enlightenment ideals of conformity and an escape from modern industrial life Painting shows scenes of family, nature, heroism, religious, and emotional subjects nature can be calm or stormy; emphasis on the expanse of sky; people in the landscape are usually small in scale faces show inner thoughts and emotion, such as fear, anger, love, hope colors are natural, muted, and soft and show a lot of natural light