Read the words Ancient-древний amateur-любительский symbol-символ mascot- талисман competition-соревнование champion- чемпион athlete- атлет professional-профессиональный
Что такое спорт Спорт- составная часть физической культуры- комплексы физических упражнений, имеющие целью развитие и укрепление организма, а также соревнования по таким комплексам и правилам их проведения. Sport- an individual pr group activity pursued for exercise or pleasure, often involving the testing of physical capabilities and taking the form of a competitive game such as football, tennis ets.
HISTORY According to historical records, the first ancient Olympic Games were held in 776 BC in the place of Olimpia They were dedicated to the Olympian gods They continued for nearly 12 centuries, and were banned in 393 A.D. by Emperor Theodosius decreed
OLYMPIC TRUCE The idea of a truce ( перемирие) symbolises the spirit of the Ancient Olympic Games. All wars were stopped during the Olympic Gamed
THE SPORTS EVENTS The ancient Olympic Games were initially a one-day event until 684 BC, when they were extended to three days. In the 5th century B.C., the Games were extended again to cover five days. The ancient Games included running, long jump, shot put( толкание ядра), javelin (метание копья), boxing, pankration( борьба) and equestrian events(гонки на колесницах).
DID YOU KNOW? The famous marathon race did not exist in the ancient Games. The starting pistol of the first Olympic marathon was fired on 14 April 1896 at 2 p.m. Famous Greeks took part in the ancient Olympic Games: the philosopher Socrates, Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle and even the father of medicine, Hippocrates. The philosopher Plato ( ) was a double winner of the pankration. The 14 articles of the Olympic regulations included an article on corruption: any corruption of a judge or an opponent would be punished by whipping. Women were prohibited from attending the Games.
ATHENS 1896 Games of the I Olympiad The revival of the ancient Olympics attracted athletes from 14 nations, with the largest delegations coming from Greece, Germany, France and Great Britain. On 6 April 1896, the American James Connolly won the triple jump to become the first Olympic champion in more than 1,500 years. Winners were awarded a silver medal and an olive branch. The German athlete Carl Schumann finished in the top five events of three different sports. The people of Athens greeted the Games with great enthusiasm. Their support was rewarded when a Greek shepherd, Spyridon Louis, won the most popular event, the marathon. 14 NOCs (Nations) 241 athletes (0 women, 241 men) 43 events
Test The ancient Olympic Games were held in 776 BC in the place of Olympia, Greece. They were banned in 393 AD by Empreror Theodosius. The ancient Olympic Games included such kinds of sports as: running, long jump, shot put, javelin, boxing, pankration and equestrian events. First modern Olympic Games took place in Athens in James Connolly became the 1-st Olympic champion in more than 1500 years. 241 athletes took part in this competition.
Athens 6 April Opening ceremony of the Games of the I Olympiad. The Royal Family of Greece enter in the Pan- Athenian stadium
Athens 1896, Games of the I Olympiad. View of the Pan-Athenian stadium stand and athletics track during the 110m hurdle event
The Cup presented by Mr Bréal to the marathon winner Olympic Certificate designed by Nikiforos Lytras
Fencing a foil bout in the Zapeion Hall Athletics the Princeton University team's members Francis LANE, Herbert JAMISON, Robert GARRETT and Albert TYLER
An athlete puts the shot in the Pan-Athenian stadium Athletics eventual winner Robert Garett of the United States performs at the discus throw
Aristidis KONSTANTINIDIS of Greece, winner of the individual road race cycling event French compatriot cyclists Léon FLAMENG and Paul MASSON. Between them they won 6 medals in the track cycling events
German gymnast Hermann WEINGARTNER performing at the rings Gymnastics eventual winner Alfred FLATOW of Germany performs at the parallel bars
The competitors at the start of the 100m event, including in the 2nd lane from the left, the eventual winner Thomas BURKE of the United States James CONNOLLY of the United States who won gold in the triple jump, silver in the high jump and bronze in the long jump
Spyridon LOUIS of Greece, winner of the marathon, at the medal ceremony Men's artistic gymnastics Carl SCHUMANN of Germany performs in the horse vault event. He won the gold medal
OLYMPIC SPORTS OF THE PAST Sports no longer practised at the Olympic Games Tug-of-war (Перетягивание каната) Tug-of-war was on the Olympic programme in 1900, 1904, 1906 (Intercalated Games), 1908, 1912 and Tug-of-war was always contested as a part of the track and field athletics programme, although it is now considered a separate sport. The Olympic champions were as follows: 1900: a combined Swedish/Danish team; 1904: an American club team representing the Milwaukee Athletic Club; 1906: Germany/Switzerland; 1908: a British team from the City of London Police Club; 1912: Sweden; and 1920: Great Britain.
Golf Golf has been on the Olympic programme twice, in 1900 and There were two golf events in one for gentlemen and one for ladies. Golf is one of the world's most popular sports, being played in well over 100 nations world-wide. Golf also has a long history, as it origins can be traced back several centuries, and it has had organised international competitions since the mid-19th century. In the last decade golf has made entreaties to be returned to the Olympic programme. Rugby Rugby football is one of the earliest forms of football in which the ball is carried rather than kicked. It developed in Great Britain in the mid-19th century. Originally, rugby league was considered the professional sport and rugby union the amateur one, but in 1995 the International Rugby Board made rugby union an open sport, allowing professional competition. Rugby union football was held at the Olympics in 1900, 1908, 1920 and 1924.
Polo Polo is considered the oldest mounted team sport, with a history reaching back centuries, when it was played in the plains of Asia, ancient Persia, China and India. Polo was on the Olympic programme in 1900, 1908, 1920, 1924 and Lacrosse Lacrosse was contested as a full medal sport at the 1904 and 1908 Olympics. In 1904, two Canadian teams challenged a local team from St. Louis, with the Shamrock Lacrosse Team of Winnipeg winning the gold medal. Lacrosse was also a demonstration sport at the Olympics in 1928, 1932 and 1948.
The list of Olympic Games Olympic Summer Games: Athens 1896 Paris 1900 St Louis 1904 London 1908 Stockholm 1912 Antwerp 1920 Paris 1924 Amsterdam 1928 Los Angeles 1932 Berlin 1936 London 1948 Helsinki 1952 Melbourne / Stockholm 1956 Rome 1960 Tokyo 1964 Mexico 1968 Munich 1972 Montreal 1976 Moscow 1980 Los Angeles 1984 Seoul 1988 Barcelona 1992 Atlanta 1996 Sydney 2000 Athens 2004 Olympic Winter Games: Chamonix 1924 St. Moritz 1928 Lake Placid 1932 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936 St. Moritz 1948 Oslo 1952 Cortina d'Ampezzo 1956 Squaw Valley 1960 Innsbruck 1964 Grenoble 1968 Sapporo 1972 Innsbruck 1976 Lake Placid 1980 Sarajevo 1984 Calgary 1988 Albertville 1992 Lillehammer 1994 Nagano 1998 Salt Lake City 2002 Turin 2006
The list of Olympic Sports Summer sports: Aquatics Archery Athletics Badminton Baseball Basketball Boxing Canoe / kayak Cycling Equestrian Fencing Football Gymnastics Handball Hockey Judo Modern pentathlon Rowing Sailing Shooting Softball Table tennis Taekwondo Tennis Triathlon Volleyball Weightlifting Wrestling Winter sports: Biathlon Bobsleigh Curling Ice Hockey Luge Skating Skiing
MOSCOW 1980 Games of the XXII Olympiad A U.S.-led boycott reduced the number of participating nations to 80, the lowest number since Aleksandr Dityatin earned medals in every men's gymnastics event to become the only athlete ever to win eight medals in one Olympics. Super-heavyweight Teófilo Stevenson became the first boxer to win the same division three times. Gerd Wessig became the first male high jumper to break the world record at the Olympics and swimmer Vladimir Salnikov broke the 15-minute barrier for the 1,500m. In adramatic confrontation, runners Steve Ovett and Sebastian Coe split the 800 and 1,500m. 80 NOCs (Nations) 5,179 athletes (1,115 women, 4,064 men) 203 events 5,615 media (2,685 written press, 2,930 broadcasters)
Emblem of the Moscow Olympiad Olympic Mishka – the mascot of the Olympiad
Moscow 19 July Opening ceremony, performers form a human pyramid Opening ceremony, the basketball player Sergei Belov prepares to light the cauldron with the Olympic flame
Moscow 19 July Opening ceremony, the flag-bearers of the different nations and the Olympic flag in the stand Opening ceremony, the Head of the USSR Léonid Brejnev declares the official opening of the Games of the XXII Olympiad
Artistic gymnastics, men's team competition. The gold medal-winning Soviet Union team on the podium Gerd WESSIG of the German Democratic Republic jumps for joy after winning the men's high jump competition at the Games of the XXII Olympiad
Men's athletic, Bronislaw Malinowski of Poland in action during the 3000m steeple chase. He won the gold medal Men's athletics, Allan Wells (right) of Great Britain on his way to victory during the 100m event
Men's athletics, Viktor Markin of the Soviet Union in action during the Mens 400 metres event. He won the gold meda Mirtus YIFTER of Ethiopia brushes shoulders with Aleksandr FEDOTKIN of the Soviet Union on his way to victory in the 5000m at the Games of the XXII Olympiad
Men's cycling, the field rounds a bend during the individual road race event Teofilo STEVENSON of Cuba (left) and Piotr ZAEV of the Soviet Union in action during the heavyweight boxing final bout
Nikolay ANDRIANOV from the Soviet Union in action during the rings event of the team competition Women's artistic gymnastics, Nellie Kim of Tajikistan in the Soviet Union in action during her performance in the floor exercises
Moscow 3 August Closing ceremony, the mascot Misha flies away.
SOCHI 2014 XXII Olympic Winter Games From the 7th to 23rd February 2014 ELECTION The city of Sochi will be the host city for the XXII Olympic Winter Games in Sochi was elected on 4 July 2007 by the members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) at the 119th Session in Guatemala City. Sochi was up against the cities of PyeongChang and Salzburg, and Sochi prevailed in the second round of voting, with 51 votes against 47 votes for PyeongChang.
Unsurpassed Excellence The vision of Sochi 2014 is to unite the resources of the city of Sochi, the Krasnodar region and the Russian nation to develop in Sochi greatly needed sports and resort infrastructure, in a sustainable, inclusive, environmentally responsible manner. Their goal is to deliver Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games of unsurpassed excellence for the athletes, the Olympic family, the Paralympic family and the world. Design of the Bolshoi Ice Hockey Palace
Inspire and Energise The Sochi 2014 Games will provide a new gateway for winter sport in Russia. Part of its legacy will look to establish Russias first international-quality training and competition facilities for Alpine skiing, sliding sports and ski jumping. The facilities in Sochi will inspire the youth of the nation and energise the growth of winter sports, serving not only Russian athletes but also those of an entire region. All the key Olympic infrastructure locations in Sochi have been selected to ensure maximum sustainability and legacy after the Games by addressing existing sport, tourism and commercial infrastructure needs. Design of the Maly Ice Hockey Palace
Venues Sochi 2014 will provide the Olympic Movement with a once-in-a-lifetime Winter Games experience. The Sochi Olympic Park will offer an innovative solution, situated on the Black Sea coast in an area designated for significant development. It will include all ice venues, the Olympic Stadium, the Main Media Centre (MMC), and the main Olympic Village. It has been designed by experienced Olympic planners to offer athletes and officials, the IOC, the media, the sponsors and spectators extraordinary convenience and opportunities to enjoy the Games. The mountain venues will be only 49 km away from the coastal cluster and are located in the mountain region of Krasnaya Polyana, or Red Meadow. The mountain venues are also clustered within a single valley, making travel times short. Design of the Olympic Stadium
The Vote The IOC members made their choice for 2014 based on not only the candidature files and presentations made today by the delegations from Sochi (Russia), Salzburg (Austria) and PyeongChang (Republic of Korea)*, but also on the basis of the detailed report and presentation made by the IOCs Evaluation Commission for the 2014 Olympic Winter Games, which was chaired by IOC member Chiharu Igaya.Sochi (Russia)Salzburg (Austria)PyeongChang (Republic of Korea)detailed reportIOCs Evaluation CommissionChiharu Igaya Results of the vote: Round 1 Sochi: 34 Salzburg: 25 PyeongChang: 36 Round 2 Sochi: 51 PyeongChang: 47
RECOGNISED SPORTS In order to promote the Olympic Movement, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) may recognise as International Sports Federations (IFs) international non-governmental organisations administering one or several sports at world level and encompassing organisations administering such sports at national level. Recognition of the International Federations (IFs) In order to be recognised, these organisations must apply the Olympic Movement Anti- Doping Code and conduct effective out-of-competition tests in accordance with the established rules. The recognition of IFs newly recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) shall be provisional for a period of two years or any other period fixed by the IOC Executive Board. At the end of such period, the recognition shall automatically lapse in the absence of definitive confirmation given in writing by the IOC. As far as the role of the IFs within the Olympic Movement is concerned, their statutes, practice and activities must be in conformity with the Olympic Charter. Subject to the foregoing, each IF maintains its independence and autonomy in the administration of its sport. RECOGNISED SPORTS LIST Air sportsAir sports, Bandy, Billiard Sports, Boules, Bowling, BridgeBandyBilliard SportsBoulesBowlingBridge ChessChess, Cricket, DanceSport, Golf, Karate, KorfballCricketDanceSportGolfKarateKorfball Life SavingLife Saving, Motorcycle Racing, Mountaineering and ClimbingMotorcycle RacingMountaineering and Climbing NetballNetball, Orienteering, Pelote Basque, Polo, Powerboating,OrienteeringPelote BasquePoloPowerboating RacquetballRacquetball, Roller Sports, Rugby, Sport climbing,Roller SportsRugbySport climbing SquashSquash, Surfing, Sumo, Tug of War, Underwater Sports,SurfingSumoTug of WarUnderwater Sports Water SkiingWater Skiing, WushuWushu