(a) Have и have got Have got и has got чаще употребляют вместо have и has. Поэтому можно сказать: - I have got a brother. или: I have a brother. - Tom has got many books. или: Tom has many books. Для вопросительных и отрицательных предложений существуют три возможные формы: Have you got a sister? Have you a sister? Do you have a sister? I haven't got a sister. I haven't a sister. I don't have a sister. Has he got a flat? Has he a flat? Does he have a flat? He hasn't got a flat. He hasn't a flat. He doesn't have a flat. В прошедшем времени (Past) got не используется. - When I was a student I had a friend. В отрицательных и вопросительных предложениях прошедшего времени употребляются did и didn't. - Did you have a friend when you were a student? - I liked to travel but I didn't have a car then.
(b) Have для обозначения действий. Have используется для обозначения ряда действий. Например: have breakfast / lunch / dinner / a meal / a drink / a cup of coffee / a cigarette и т.д have a swim / a walk / a rest / a holiday / a party / a good time и т.д have a bath / a shower / a wash have a look (at something) have a baby (= give birth to a baby) have a chat (with someone) В таких выражениях have не может быть заменен на have got !!! - I usually have breakfast at 8 o'clock. (а не 'have got') - Last summer I had a good time. Сравните: - I have a bath every morning. (=я принял ванну-действие) - I've got a bath. (=в моем доме есть ванна)
Вспомогательный глагол to do употребляется для образования вопросительных и отрицательных предложений. - When do you usually have breakfast? - I don't have breakfast so early. - Did you have a good time last summer? - I didn't have a good time last summer. Когда have означает действие, можно использовать формы Continuous (is having/ are having/ was having и т.д.): - Where's Mike? He's having dinner.