Презентация на тему: " Для добавления текста щелкните мышью GREAT BRITAIN: EARLIEST TIMES." — Транскрипт:
Для добавления текста щелкните мышью GREAT BRITAIN: EARLIEST TIMES
PLAN 1. Britains Prehistory 2. The Celts 3. The Roman Conquest
Для добавления текста щелкните мышью Britains Prehistory
250,000 BC The earliest evidence of human occupation of Britain Around 10,000 BC, the end of the Ice Age The wanderer-hunter culture
About 3000 BC Neolithic (or New Stone Age) people These people kept animals, grew corn crops and knew how to make pottery. They probably came from either the Iberian Peninsula or even the North African coast. They settled in the western part of Britain and Ireland.
What did these people leave to posterity? Barrows, or burial mounds Henges – great circles of earth banks and ditches, inside which they built wooden buildings and stone circles Stonehenge
This beaker from the West Kennet long barrow in Wiltshire is typical of the finely decorated pottery which gave its name to the Beaker Folk who invaded Britain from the Rhineland and Brittany in the second millennium BC.
The Beaker People replaced animal skin clothes with woven textiles contributed to the building of Stonehenge used copper and its alloy with tin – bronze
Many early settlements have been found on Chalk Hills in the southwest. Maiden Castle, or Mai Dan in Dorset, is the largest surviving Iron- Age hill-fort in Britain, with a perimeter of two miles.
An Iron-Age farm settlement has been reconstructed at Buster, near Petersfield in Hampshire.
Roman Britain Its society was literate It was a world dominated by the rule of law, which closely regulated the relations between the individual and the State and between one man and another, however corruptly or inefficiently it might often have been administered.
Roman Legacy Towns 20 large towns (over 5,000 inhabitants) 100 smaller towns London=Londinium Manchester=Mamucium York=Eburacum castra – chester, caster, cester
Roman Legacy Roads Water supply, sanitation and sewage systems Villas New vocabulary Christianity A new diet