FUTURE SIMPLE (will + V 1 ) We express some action in the future, we cannot change anything. will be Ex. John will be 10 in May. will come Spring will come soon. We predict things. will rain Ex. I think it will rain tomorrow. wont get I am sure we wont get the answer. We decide to do something at the time of speaking. Ill help Ex. Dont lift the suitcase. Ill help you.
FUTURE SIMPLE (will + V 1 ) We express intentions, promises, invitations, hopes, threats, etc. (probably, I hope, I promise, may be, …) Ill buy Ex. I promise Ill buy you a ring. will punish He will punish you. Time markers!!! Tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, in a week (month, …), next year, in 2015, soon
PRESENT CONTINUOUS (am/is/are + V ing ) We talk about planned actions, near future (often with the verbs of movement – go, come, arrive, fly, move, open, etc.) Ex. We are having a party tomorrow. Im leaving Im leaving tomorrow. is flying My dad is flying to Paris tonight. We can use Continuous forms of see and hear in the meaning of meet and learn. Im seeing Ex. Im seeing the dentist tomorrow.
PRESENT SIMPLE (V/ V s(es) ) We talk about timetables. leaves Ex. The train leaves at 6 a.m. tomorrow. doesstart When does the film start? Conditional Type 1 We mention conditions (Conditional Type 1). getswill buy Ex. When Mother gets money, she will buy me a new bike. Simple Present (clauses of time and condition) Future Simple (main clause) With the words: as soon as, when, if, in case, till, until, etc.
TO BE GOING + INFINITIVE We can see something on the way to happen. Isnt it going to rain Ex. Look at the clouds! Isnt it going to rain? A plan or personal intention. is going to sell Ex. Bill is going to sell his car. aregoing to do What are you going to do at Christmas?
Choose the right form: will be/ is 1. Next year he will be/ is five. will be/ is 2. Tomorrow it will be/ is warm with a few showers. come/ will come 3. If you come/ will come there first, keep a seat for me. arent staying up/ wont stay up 4. I hope you arent staying up/ wont stay up late. am taking/ will take 5. I am taking/ will take my exams tomorrow. will arrive/ arrives 6. The train from Liverpool will arrive/ arrives at play/ am playing 7. I play/ am playing football tomorrow. is going to write/ is writing 8. Alec is going to write/ is writing a letter to his parents in the evening.
FUTURE CONTINUOUS (will be + V ing ) We talk about a certain time or a period of time in the future. Ill be working Ex. Ill be working in the library at 10 tomorrow. will be buttering I will be buttering the bread while you are slicing the tomatoes. Time markers!!! At 3 p.m. tomorrow, at this time tomorrow, all night, during holidays, from 8 till 12 tomorrow, etc.
FUTURE PERFECT (will have V 3 ) by We speak about an action completed by a certain moment in the future. shell have finished Ex. I think shell have finished the essay by Monday. will have left By the time you get back Mike will have left. Time markers!!! By 3 p.m. tomorrow, by next summer, by this time tomorrow, by the time + Present Simple, etc.
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS (will have been + V ing ) We speak about an action lasting for a period of time up or including a certain future moment. By five oclock Ill have been doing for two hours Ex. By five oclock Ill have been doing this crossword puzzle for two hours. By the time will have been driving for nearly five hours. By the time he arrives in London Max will have been driving for nearly five hours. Time markers!!! By, for
Future Tenses in Indirect Speech Future Tenses Future Tenses in Indirect Speech Will +V 1 Would + V1 Will be + Ving Would be + Ving Am/ is/ are + Ving Was/ Were + Ving Will have + V3 Would have + V3 Will have been + Ving Would have been+ Ving
Open the brackets: 1. I (take) ___________ my sun-glasses in case it is sunny. 2. You dont work in class! I (phone) _________ your mother about this. 3. I (watch) _____________ TV from 8 oclock to midnight. 4. I think you (like) _____________ Nick when you meet him. 5. They (move) ____________to a new flat next week.
Open the brackets: 6. This time tomorrow I (lie) ______________on the beach. 7. Look at the sun! It (go) ______________ to be a hot day tomorrow. 8. By the end of the summer he (teach) __________________ me to work with the computer. 9. As soon as I (hear)__________ the results I (let) _______________ you know. 10. I (have)_____________ another English lesson this week.
Open the brackets: 11. Autumn has come. The trees (lose)________ their leaves in a few weeks. 12. By the time you (get) _________________, Simon (leave) ______________________. 13. Look out! We (go) _____________________ to hit the car in front. 14. By the time I (qualify) _________________I (study) ___________________law for 6 years. 15. We were anxious if the police (find)_____________ the criminal.