Yaroslavl was founded in 1010 by Prince Yaroslav-the-Wise to become the first fortress on the Volga River in order to defend Rostov-the-Great, the centre of North-Eastern Rus. In 1996 the monument to Yaroslav-the- Wise was put on the square near the Kremlin.
Its History In the XVI-XVIIth centuries Yaroslavl became an important centre of crafts as well as domestic and international trade. It was in this period that linen manufacturing, leather processing, production of salt, ceramics and blacksmith's trades were started and developed in Yaroslavl. In 1612 during the Polish-Lithuanian invasion and occupation of Moscow Yaroslavl for six months served as the capital of Russian State and the base for raising the famous militia commanded by Minin and Pozharsky. The XVIIth century proved to be a golden age for the Yaroslavl lands as it was a period of rapid economic growth and cultural development The XVIIIth century witnessed a transition from handwork to manufactory production. For example, the year 1722 saw the foundation of Great Yaroslavl Textile Mill, now known as Krasny- Perekop Industrial Complex. In 1796 the Yaroslavl Province was established with Yaroslavl as the principal town.
The Coat of Arms According to the legend the mighty prince subdued the local pagan inhabitants by killing their sacred animal, a she-bear, in a hand-to- hand combat.
The Saviour Transfiguration Church is grand and historically important. It was here in the 18th century where The Lay of Igors Campaign was discovered.
The Church of St. Ilya the Prophet Historical and architectural monuments can be found at every step in Yaroslavl: the Church of Yaroslavl Miracle Workers (1827), the Church of the Nativity of Christ (the beginning of the 16th century), the Steeple (the 16th century), the Church of St. Ilya the Prophet (the middle of the 17th century), the Savior Monastery and dozens of other churches and cathedrals. The Church of Nikola Rubleniy
Fyodor Volkov founded the first Russian public theatre in Yaroslavl in the 18 th century. The modern building of the theatre was built in 1911.
Nowadays Yaroslavl (population ) is the administrative center and the largest city of Yaroslavl Region. It is located 280 km from Moscow. It is one of the major transportation depots of European Russia.