Abkhazia is a political entity on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south- western flank of the Caucasus whose status is disputed. It considers itself an independent state (the Republic of Abkhazia). This is recognised by Russia, Ni caragua, Venezuela,Naur u, South Ossetia and Transnistria.
History In the 9th to 6th centuries BC, the territory of modern Abkhazia was part of the ancient Georgian kingdom of Colchis("Kolkha"). This kingdom was subsequently absorbed in 63 BC into the Kingdom of Egrisi, known to Byzantine authors as "Lazica" and to the Persians as "Lazistan", named after the Laz tribe. The Georgian government and the majority of the world's governments consider Abkhazia a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi. On 28 August 2008, the Parliament of Georgia passed a resolution declaring Abkhazia a "Russian-occupied territory".
Geography and climate Abkhazia is extremely mountainous.. The highest peaks of Abkhazia are in the northeast and east and several exceed 4,000 meters above sea level. The landscapes of Abkhazia range from coastal forests and citrus plantations, to eternal snows and glaciers to the north of the region. Abkhazia is richly irrigated by small rivers originating in the Caucasus Mountains. The Psou River separates the region from Russia, and the Inguri serves as a boundary between Abkhazia and Georgia proper. Lake Ritsa is the most important of them.
Geography and climate 2 The world's deepest known cave, Krubera (Voronja) Cave ("The Crows' Cave", in English), is located in Abkhazia's western Caucasus mountains. The latest survey (as of September 2006) has measured the vertical extend of this cave system as 2,158 meters (7,080 ft) between its highest and lowest explored points.Krubera (Voronja) Cave
Geography and climate 3 Because of Abkhazia's proximity to the Black Sea and the shield of the Caucasus Mountains, the region's climate is very mild. The coastal areas of the republic have a subtropical climate, where the average annual temperature in most regions is around 15 °C (59 °F). The climate at higher elevations varies from maritime mountainous to cold and summerless. Abkhazia receives high amounts of precipitation, but its unique micro- climate (transitional from subtropical to mountain) along most of its coast causes lower levels of humidity. The annual precipitation vacillates from 1,100–1,500 mm (43.3–59.1 in) along the coast 1,700–3,500 mm (66.9– in) in the higher mountainous areas. The mountains of Abkhazia receive significant amounts of snow.°C°F
Geography and climate 4 There are two border crossings into Abkhazia. The southern border crossing is at the Inguri bridge, a short distance from the Georgian city of Zugdidi. The northern crossing ("Psou") is in the town of Gyachrypsh. Owing to the ongoing security situation, many foreign governments advise their citizens against travelling to Abkhazia.InguriZugdidiGyachrypsh
Culture The written Abkhaz literature appeared relatively recently, in the beginning of the 20th century. However, Abkhaz share with other Caucasian peoples the Nart sagas series of tales about mythical heroes. The Abkhaz alphabet was created in the 19th century. The first newspaper in Abkhaz, called Abkhazia and edited by Dmitry Gulia, appeared in 1917.AbkhazNart sagasAbkhaz alphabetDmitry Gulia Arguably the most famous Abkhaz writers are Fazil Iskander, who wrote mostly in Russian and Bagrat Shinkuba a poet.Fazil IskanderBagrat Shinkuba Football remains the most popular sport in Abkhazia. Other popular sports include basketball, boxing, wrestling.Footballsport in Abkhazia Abkhazia has its own amateur Abkhazian football league since The league is not a part of any international football union.