A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in -ing or -ed.
There are two types of participles: present participles and past participles.
Past participles end in -ed or V 3 Present participles end in -ing. crying burning smiling eaten seen asked
Participles are used with the auxiliary verbs be and have to make progressive, perfect and passive verb forms: It was raining when I got home. I've forgotten your name. You'll be told as soon as possible.
Participles can be used like adjectives: I love the noise of falling rain. She says she's got a broken heart. John has become very boring.
Sometimes participles are used like adverbs: She ran screaming out of the room.
Participles can combine with other words into clause-like structures: Who's the fat man sitting in the corner? Having lost all my money, I went home. Most of the people invited to the party didn't turn up.