Презентация на тему: " This project was done by Safiullina Ruziloy, Shagiahmetova Ramiloy." — Транскрипт:
This project was done by Safiullina Ruziloy, Shagiahmetova Ramiloy.
understand some aspects of the socio- economic development of Tatarstan; understand our role in the life of our republic; understand national characteristics of people from Tatarstan; a geography positions result and influence to the life of people.
The Republic of Tatarstan is located at the centre of the Russian Federation. Tatarstan borders on the Republic of Bashkortostan, Chuvashia, Mari- El, Udmurtia and on the regions of Russia: Samara, Ulyanovsk, Kirov and Orenburg. Its area is more than 67 thousand square kilometers. The territory of the republic is a plain. It lies in a forest and forest-steppe zone with small hills on the right bank of the Volga. State Emblem.
The climate is continental with warm, sometimes hot summers and quite cold winters. The average temperature is -13 C in January, +25 C in July.
Tatarstan has rich natural resources and a development industry. The industrial complex is very important in the republic. Tatarstan is rich in oil. The republic is also rich in brown and black coal, copper, gypsum, dolomites, clays, mineral waters and medical muds.
The republic has huge water resources. The Volga river system is of great important Russia and Tatarstan. The longest river in Europe – the Volga (3690 km) – flows across our republic for 200 km long here. There are also a lot of smaller rivers the Zai, the Myosha, the Cheremshan, the Kazanka etc and a lot of beautiful lakes, such as Lake Kadan, Swan Lake, Blue Lake, Deep Lake and others.
The population of the Republic of Tatarstan is around 3.8 million people. 2.7 million people live in towns and cities. One million people live in the countryside. Tatarstan is a multinational republic. People of 115 nationalities live there. The two main nationalities are the Tatar (52.9 % or more than 2 million people) and the Russians (39.5 % or 1.5 million people). The third place is taken by the Chuvashes – 3.4 % or thousand people.
Kazan is one of the oldest and most beautiful cities in the Volga region. Kazan is a thousand-year- old city with rich and unique history. In 2005 the people of Tatarstan, Russia and the whole world celebrated its millennium anniversary. The Kazan Kremlin remains to this day the very heart or the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan – Kazan. The Kazan Kremlin reminds us of the role Kazan played in the long stormy history not only of Tatarstan and Russia, but of the Eurasian continent.
The most unusual structure in the Kremlin complex is the Suyumbike Tower. It has become the architectural symbol of Kazan. Magnificent golden crosses of the Annunciation Cathedral harmonize with ornate minarets of Kul – Sharif Mosque.
The State Museum of Fine ArtsTatar State Academic Opera and Ballet House named after M.Dzsalil.
SABANTUY. Sabantuy is, perhaps, the most popular festival in Tatarstan. It is a celebration of the plough. This holiday takes place at the beginning of summer, after the first haymaking. During this festival there are horse races.
NAURUZ Nauruz means the New Year Day. It is a very old festival. This festival takes place on the 21 st of March. On this day the daytime is as long as night. Days became longer and nights become shorter.