V O C A B U L A R Y Compulsory – обовязковийCompulsory – обовязковий Free – безкоштовнийFree – безкоштовний Infant – (тут)підготовчийInfant – (тут)підготовчий Junior – молодшийJunior – молодший Nursery – дитячий садокNursery – дитячий садок Primary – начальнийPrimary – начальний Secondary - среднійSecondary - средній Private – приватнийPrivate – приватний Public - громадськийPublic - громадський Public school – приватна школаPublic school – приватна школа State school – державна школаState school – державна школа Boarding school – інтернатBoarding school – інтернат All-boys school – школа для хлопчиківAll-boys school – школа для хлопчиків
E d u c a t i o n brings a child the world E d u c a t i o n brings a child the world Many British children start school at the age of 3 or 4 if there is a play school near their house. These schools are nursery and they are not compulsory. Children are taught to sing, draw, they play different creative games. Compulsory education begins at the age of 5, when children go to primary school.
P R I M A R Y E D U C A T I O N All children start primary school by the age of 5. Primary education lasts for six years. They attend the infant school from 5 to 7 and then junior school until they are 11. They attend the infant school from 5 to 7 and then junior school until they are 11. Some parents pay for their children to attend a private school but all children have the right to go to a state school which is free. Private schools are called public schools. Most of them are boarding schools. More than 90% of British children attend state schools. In English schools pupils have to address men teachers Sir and women teachers Miss or Mrs.
The most famous public schools in Britain are Eton, Harrow, Winchester.The most famous public schools in Britain are Eton, Harrow, Winchester. A year at Eton costs 17,000 pounds. It is very old, and a lot of important people used to be students there. It is an all-boys school.A year at Eton costs 17,000 pounds. It is very old, and a lot of important people used to be students there. It is an all-boys school. Prince William, the Queens grandson, went to Eton too.Prince William, the Queens grandson, went to Eton too.
V O C A B U L A R Y Core – обовязковийCore – обовязковий Optional – за вибором (факультативний)Optional – за вибором (факультативний) Science – предмети природничо-наукового циклуScience – предмети природничо-наукового циклу Arts –предмети гуманітарного циклуArts –предмети гуманітарного циклу Tutor – викладач( в Оксфорді та Кембриджі) закріплений за студентамиTutor – викладач( в Оксфорді та Кембриджі) закріплений за студентами Gown – мантія ( одяг английских студентів та професорів)Gown – мантія ( одяг английских студентів та професорів)
SECONDARY EDUCATION After six years of primary education children take exams in core subjects and go to a secondary school. Children study compulsory (core) subjects: English, Literature English, Literature MathematicsMathematics IT (information technology)IT (information technology) Religious EducationReligious Education and optional courses: one foreign languageone foreign language one science subjectone science subject one art subjectone art subject HistoryHistory GeographyGeography PE (physical education)PE (physical education) Design and TechnologyDesign and Technology
SCHOOL UNIFORM A lot of people think that school uniforms in England are for the children from rich families at the countrys best schools. But it isnt always true.In fact, uniforms first came to schools for poor because they were cheaper. Today a lot of British schools have uniforms. Usually they differ only in colours but include a blazer, a pullover, a shirt (a blouse), trousers (a skirt), tights or socks, shoes and boots, a scarf and gloves of a certain colour, a cap or a hat. School badge is on a cap and on a blazers pocket. One of the most important elements of the uniform is One of the most important elements of the uniform is a school tie.
у англійців є вислів To be true to your school tie-Бути вірним своєму шкільному галстуку.Це ознає, що й через багато років випускники бережуть вірність своїм шкільним друзям і завжди готові їм допомогти. School tie – у англійців є вислів To be true to your school tie-Бути вірним своєму шкільному галстуку.Це ознає, що й через багато років випускники бережуть вірність своїм шкільним друзям і завжди готові їм допомогти. Для випускників престижних приватних шкіл такий галстук є не лише символом дружби і взаємодопомоги, а й пропуском в коло найвідоміших та найвпливовіших людей країни. Для випускників престижних приватних шкіл такий галстук є не лише символом дружби і взаємодопомоги, а й пропуском в коло найвідоміших та найвпливовіших людей країни.
SECONDARY EDUCATION After five years of secondary education, pupils take GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) examination. Compulsory education ends at 16.. Some people leave secondary school and go to colleges for further education. Some choose to stay at secondary school for two years more and prepare for a university.
M A R K S E N G L I S HR U S S I A N А* (star) Excellent - A Very good 5 B Good 4 C Satisfactory 3 D Poor 2 E Very poor 1 F Awful -
SCHOOL RULES EVERY BRITISH SCHOOL HAS ITS RULES, FOR EXAMPLE: Be polite Say hello when you see a teacher Come to school on time Stand up when a teacher comes into the class Wear your school uniform Dont eat or drink in the classroom Dont run in the corridors Dont bring mobile phones to class Dont talk to people in lessons
CHECK YOURSELF AGE OF PUPILSTYPE OF SCHOOL years years – 7 years – 11 years – 16 years – 18 years
CHECK YOURSELF 1. Public school means that The school is privateThe school is private The school is for everybodyThe school is for everybody 2. Boarding school means that Students live thereStudents live there There are only boys thereThere are only boys there It is abroadIt is abroad 3. Eton is A famous public schoolA famous public school A famous state schoolA famous state school 4. Core courses are Music, drama, home economicsMusic, drama, home economics English, maths, IT.English, maths, IT. Well done ! Read once more
HIGHER EDUCATION Higher education begins at 18 and usually lasts three or four years. Students go to universities, polytechnics or colleges of higher education. There are now about 80 universities in Great Britain. The academic year is divided into three terms. Terminal examinations are held at the end of autumn, spring and summer terms. Only two reexaminations are allowed. British universities usually keep to the customs of the past. Upon graduation all the students have to wear long black gowns and students caps.
OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE Oxford University is the oldest and most famous in Britain. It was founded in the 12-th century and is a collection of colleges with more then 12,000 students and 1,000 teachers. Cambridge is the second oldest. It was founded in the 13-th century and has 27 colleges. They both have a reputation of privileged schools. Many prominent people studied there. The tutorial system is one of the ways in which these universities differ from all other. Every student has a tutor who plans his work.
WORDS OF WISDOM f o r y o u Live and learn.Live and learn. It is never too late to learn.It is never too late to learn. It is never too late to mend.It is never too late to mend. Men learn while they teach.Men learn while they teach. Knowledge is power.Knowledge is power. Practice is the best of all instructions.Practice is the best of all instructions. Practice makes perfect.Practice makes perfect. Learn to write well, or not to write at all.Learn to write well, or not to write at all. Language is the dress of thought.Language is the dress of thought. Think before you speak.Think before you speak. Lost time is never found again.Lost time is never found again.
Q U E S T I O N S ( a s a p l a n) 1.Why is it necessary to have education? 2.When does compulsory education start in Russia? 3.How long does primary education last? 4.How old were you when you started school? 5.What form are you in? 6.Which subjects do you study at school? 7.Can you choose your subjects? 8.What do you think is the most important subjects? Why? 9.Do you have to wear a uniform? 10.Are there school rules at your school? 11.What is good in your school? What is bad? 12.What are you going to do after finishing school?