Lawyer (from the Latin. Jus or juris - right) (German Jurist) people with a legal background lawyer, a scientist who has studied law practical activities in the field of law
The first lawyers were Roman priests - pontiffs In the Russian Federation as a lawyer may be the person received a law degree. As a general rule, for the protection of persons subject to criminal prosecution, the lawyer must pass a qualifying exam and become a lawyer.
Military lawyer, an officer with the military-legal accounting profession. In the Armed Forces of the RF military lawyers substitute positions in the military prosecutors, military courts, military justice (the military legal service associations, formations and military units), among the faculty members of military colleges. For Alatas titles with the prefix "Justice", for example, "Captain Justice".
Counsel (Latin advocatus - from advoco - invite) - a person whose profession is to provide legal assistance to individuals (citizens, stateless persons) and legal persons (organizations), including protection of their interests and rights in court. The Bar as a profession has been known since ancient times.
Ancient Rome For the first time lawyers have appeared in ancient Rome. As noted by the Polish jurist and historian rights EV Vaskovsky, "... the first lawyers in Rome were cartridges. In the face of them combine two professions: legal advisers and lawyers. Bar of the republican period of ancient Rome was a liberal profession, and no corporate device did not have. Professional corporation counsel in a court was formed in Rome in the era of the Empire, that is BC. Documented fixed panel lawyers advocates formed the basis of well-known in later times of principles: required to be entered in the matriculation (the official list of persons with a certain level of income) and have passed the test (exam) on the right. The unit bar prevailing in the era of the Empire, was a classic. It became the basis for all subsequent modifications of the legal profession, until modern times.
Prosecutor (Latin procurare - manage, be in charge of something, worry) - the chief legal representative of the prosecution in civil law countries, with a system of investigation or in common law countries have adopted the adversarial system. The charge - the party responsible for the argument against a person accused of an offense during court proceedings in a criminal case. The functions of prosecutors in different countries are different and largely determined by historical conditions.
Court - the state agency carrying out justice in the form of consideration and resolution of criminal, administrative, civil and other categories of cases in a particular state law procedural order.
Notaries (latin notarius - the clerk, secretary) - lawyer, specially authorized to perform notarial acts, including the testimony of faithful copies of the documents and extracts from them, certifying authenticity of signatures on documents, testimony of fidelity to translate documents from one language to another, as well as some other actions, which differ in different countries.
The legislation - a system of regulations in force in any industry, and (or) a regulatory sphere of social relations, as a rule corresponds to branches, sub-branches and institutions of civil rights law, criminal law, labor law, law on banks and banking activities, etc..
Right as one of the regulators of public relations is a social- scientific category, in a lot of thousand-year history of jurisprudence has repeatedly stated that the question of the right to avoid the universal definitions, so that, despite all attempts to work out it could not be.
Презентація студента 2-го курсу Групи П-82 Задніпряньця Романа