Perhaps even small children know what a Big Ben is. Firstly, its the symbol of Great Britain and one of the most beautiful sights of London. Secondly, its the largest and the most famous clock in the world. Originally, Big Ben is a tower. Its one of the highest towers of Westminster Palace. Officially, the clock has started its work on 31 May According to one of the theories the clock has been named Big Ben after Sir Benjamin Hall, who directed work on the casting of the bell. Another theory claims that it has been named after Benjamin Caunt, who was one of the well-known heavyweight boxers of the 19th century. Surprisingly, the tower of Big Ben used to be a prison where over riotous parliamentarians were kept. Big Ben has become a popular souvenir for tourists.
Almost all visitors of London buy a small souvenir in the shape of the world-famous clock. Also Big Ben can be often seen in famous films and ads. Official name of the tower is the Westminster Palace Clock Tower or St. Stephen's Tower. Big Ben is only the name of the clock itself along with the bell. The history of Big Ben dates back to 1288, when it was built for the first time on Ralph De Henghams money. He was the chairman of the Supreme Court of Queen's Bench.
However, the contemporary tower of Big Ben was built according to Charles Barrys project in the 19th century, as the old building was destroyed due to the fire of Although Big Ben is very popular with spectators, no one is allowed inside of the tower. All the Londoners who live close to Big Ben can hear how the bell strikes thirteen at New Years Night.
Flag of Great Britain dates back to 1603, when King James I of Scotland inherited the throne of England and became King of England by the name of James I. The Union between England and Scotland had been one of a personal union, and they were independent states. April 12, 1606 approved a new union of the flag: the Scottish flag of St. Andrew (white saltire on a blue background) had imposed the English flag of St George (red cross on a white background).
Flag, adopted April 12, 1606 Originally the flag was used only at sea by both military and commercial ships of the two countries. May 5, 1634 he was ordered to use only military courts as a jack (hence the name The everyday "Union Jack» - «Jack» in English - bow flag ship or vessel), while the merchant ships were to raise the flag of St. George (English) or St. Andrew's (Scottish).