Sir Charles Spencer «Charlie» Chaplin He was born on the 16 th of April He was a remarkable American and English film-actor, scriptwriter, composer and producer, a master of cinema. In 1919 he founded a well-known film studio United Artists.
«The unique genius who left the film industry». He was a creator of one of the most picturesque images of the world cinema a tramp Charlie, who appeared in the short- length comedies in1910th in the film studios of Keystone.
Chaplin had blue eyes Chaplin was the lefthander, and he even played the violin with the left hand Once Chaplin incognito took part in a competition of doubles of the Tramp. Under one version he took the second place in the competition, under other version the third, under the third version the fifth. Interesting facts
Chaplin himself was the author of some aphorisms – short popular expressions. Here some of them: I believe that the power of laughter and tears can become antidote with hatred and fear Life is a tragedy when you see its close up, and a comedy when you look at it from afar The saddest thing that can be in a life is a habit to luxury
Life without disputes would be very boring. Everything that lives appeals to discussion There is nothing easier, than to write down memoirs which have been taken off from a head
The most creative man Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential people during an epoch of mute cinema. Chaplin's creativity was greatly influenced by the French comedian Max Linder to whom he devoted one of the films.
The Beginning His career began during the Victorian epoch when small Charlie stepped on the stage of Music Hall in Great Britain for the first time and lasted for 75 years practically till his death o at the age of 88 years.
In 2008 Martin Stiff in the review of the book Chaplin: life wrote: «Chaplin was not simply a big person, he was the giant. In 1915 he rushed into the world as if a ghost with the gift of a comedy, laughter and the help when all ran around like a mad in the First World War, and during the following 25 years both during Great depression and during Adolph Hitler's eminence, he continued creating … Hardly ever any other person can bring more pleasure, pleasure and simplification while the majority of people needs them so».
Early years in England ( ) Charlie Chaplin was born in London in a family of actors of Music Hall. His parents Charles Spenser Chaplin- senior and Hanna Chaplin (on a scene Poured Gerli) were variety actors.
Childhood Charlie appeared on the stage for the first time in 1894 at the age of five, having replaced his mother in the Music Hall program, because of problems with her throat. Small Charlie had a great success with the audience.
The first steps in art At the end of 1898 Chaplin joined the children's dancing group «Eight Lancashire Guys». On Christmas of 1900 «Lancashire Guys» he took part in a pantomime "Cinderella". Chaplin was in a suit of a cat and had an opportunity to make spectators laugh for the first time. In the spring of 1901 Chaplin left «Lancashire Guys». Charlie seldom attended school, he worked as the seller of newspapers, the assistant of a doctor, in a printing house etc..
The first success In 1903 at the age of 14 years he received a permanent job at the theater and a role in the play "Sherlock Holmes". At this time Chaplin was almost illiterate.
During several years Charlie also played in a variety show. From 16 years he regularly played the violin for 416 hours per day. On February, 21st, 1908 he received a place of an actor in the theatrical enterprise of Fred Karno and soon became one of the main actors in a number of performances.
The first years in the USA ( ) From September, 1910 till June, 1912 Chaplin with Karnos troupe was on tours in the USA. At this time he made a decision to remain in this country. He was invited to work in Keystone Studios with the salary in 150 dollars a week. Gradually pictures with the young actor began to make profit, and Chaplin became one of film studio stars. Then Chaplin decided to make films himself.
The first film In 1914 Chaplin shot the first film independently («Overtaken by a Rain») in which he represented himself as the actor, the director and the script writer.
The most expensive actor in the history for those times In 1917 Chaplin concluded the contract on 1 million dollars with the First National Pictures Studio, becoming the most expensive actor in the history for those times.
Activity in United Artists ( In 1921 Chaplin travelled to Europe and had a great success in London and Paris. In Berlin nobody knew him as Chaplin's films weren't shown in the post-war Germany. The glory to Chaplin was brought by mute cinema and though the sound had appeared in films in 1927, Charlie remained true to the old film techniques even the whole decade.
The Second Visit to Europe Chaplin made the second visit to Europe in 1931 during a premiere of the film «Big City Lights». On the third time Chaplin visited Europe in 1936 during the display of the film «New Times».
The house of Charlie Chaplin Till 1922 Chaplin had no own house and lived in the rented houses, hotels and clubs. In 1922 Chaplin constructed the house in Beverly-Hills. In the house, except 40 rooms, there was a cinema hall and an organ.
The beginning of persecutions in the USA In 1952 Chaplin created a film "Festoon Lightings". On September, 17th, 1952 Chaplin went to London on the world premiere of this film, and the Head of FBI Edgar Hoover banned the return entrance of the actor to the USA. Chaplin lodged in Switzerland, in a small town.
The latest works In Switzerland Chaplin wrote music to the old silent movies, sounds a film "Gold-rush". The actor was awarded by the Soviet International Award of the World in 1954.
«The King in New York» In 1957 Chaplin stared in the film «The king in New York». In 1964 Chaplin published the memoirs which he laid down in a basis of a biographic feature film "Chaplin".
"Rehabilitation" In 1972 Chaplin received honorable "Oscar" for the second time. For this purpose he arrived to the USA for short time. He was given out only limited visa. On March, 4th, 1975 Chaplin was devoted in knights by queen Elizabeth II.
Awards He was the winner of the award of the American Film academy in 1973 and twice an honorable Oscar's owner in 1929 and Chaplin received Oscar for the invaluable contribution the art of cinema.
Death The actor died in his sleep on December, 25th, 1977 in the house in Veve and was buried on a local cemetery.
In memory about him In memory of Charlie Chaplin the monument was established on the bank of lake of Geneva.