The first purposefully composed music appeared in Medieval Europe and the art of composition has been developing ever since. It has passed through the following stages: Medieval music (c ) Renaissance music (c )
European music grew from the music of the Christian church in the Middle Ages. The church used chants in its services simple music for one voice. In time, some churches added a second voice, producing a kind of harmony. By 1400, composers were writing music for four or more voices. By the year 1600, music both for the church and for the courts of kings and nobles was highly developed. Musical plays gradually developed into opera and ballet. Composers wrote many pieces for two or more parts (either voices or instruments) and produced a style of music called polyphonic, or many-voiced.
Medieval music mostly church music in the form of chants; rise of polyphonic techniques when several melodic lines are added to the main melody. secular songs sung by minstrels, minnesingers and troubadours;
Adam de la Halle ( ) He was a French poet and composer. 36 songs are left from him nowadays.
Walther von der Vogelweide (1160 – 1228) He was a knight, a German poet and composer. Only 3 his melodies but 200 poems survived for the present days.
Renaissance music the rise of distinct secular styles and forms; further development of polyphony; instruments are used not only to accompany singers; keyboard instruments and lute become popular.
Francesco Landini( ), an Italian composer, poet, singer, organist. Guillaume Dufay (1400 – 1474), a French and Flamand composer.
Josquin Desprez (1450 – 1521), a French composer, a master of polyphony.