the worlds most famous economist the farther of modern economics the first political economist the world had ever known the head of the first school of economics, that is known as a classical school
was born on the 5 June in 1723 in the place called Kirkcaldy which is located in Scotland. his farther, whose name was Adam Smith as well, was a lawyer and died 2 months before his birth was an only child in his family and was very close to his mother
Smith entered the University of Glasgow when he was fourteen and studied moral philosophy. Here, Smith developed his passion for liberty, reason and free speech.
In 1740 he entered Balliol college of Oxford. Nevertheless, Smith took the opportunity while at Oxford to teach himself several subjects by reading many books from the shelves of the large Oxford library. When Smith was not studying on his own, his time at Oxford was not a happy one, according to his letters. Near the end of his time at Oxford, Smith had the symptoms of a nervous breakdown. So he left Oxford University in 1746, before his scholarship ended.
In 1751, Smith earned a professorship at Glasgow University teaching logic courses in 1752 Smith was elected a member of the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh after he worked as an academic for the next thirteen years, which he characterized as "by far the most useful and therefore by far the happiest and most honorable period of his life. In 1762, the University of Glasgow conferred on Smith the title of Doctor of Laws
Smith first travelled as a tutor to Toulouse, which is in France. After he moved to Geneva, where Smith met with the philosopher Volataire. Then he moved to Paris. In 1776 he returned home to Kirkcaldy and he devoted much of the next ten years to his magnum opus. And in 1776 was published An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations and it was an instant success. From 1787 to 1789 he occupied the honorary position of Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow. He died after a painful illness and on his death bed, Smith expressed disappointment that he had not achieved more.
Not much is known about Smith's personal views. He never married, and seems to have maintained a close relationship with his mother, with whom he lived after his return from France. Smith is often described as a absent-minded professor with peculiar habits of speech and gait, and a smile of "inexpressible benignity. He was known to talk to himself, a habit that began during his childhood when he would speak to himself and smile in rapt conversation with invisible companions.