Bagpipe is a Scottish national musical instrument.
The official language is English, although Gaelic is spoken in the north and west of Scotland.
The population of Scotland is a little over 5 million people.
Scotland is a very small country. It is the most northern part of the island of Great Britain and is not far away from the Arctic Circle. It is 274miles (441 kilometers) long. Its widest point is 154 miles (248 kilometers). Its narrowest is only 25 miles (40 kilometers). Because of Scotland's narrowness, it is never possible to get far away from the sea. The river Tweed and the Cheviot Hills form Scotlands southern border with England. The Northwest Channel separates southwestern Scotland from Northern Ireland. The northwest coast faces the Atlantic Ocean. The east coast faces the North Sea, which separates Scotland from the mainland of Europe.
There are three main regions – the Highlands, the Lowlands and the Southern Uplands.
The Highlands in the north of Scotland is a region of mountains and rivers, a country of great sea-locks, small towns and villages.
Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain in Great Britain. It is 1343 metres high.
The climate of Scotland is temperate and oceanic and tends to be very changeable.
The west of Scotland is usually warmer than the east, due to the influence of the Atlantic ocean.
ABERDEEN is Scotlands third largest city with an official population of 200, 000 people. It is called the Granite City because most of its buildings are built from granite. Aberdeen is located in the north-east coast of Scotland.
Dundee is the fourth largest city in Scotland. Its population is 143, 000 people. The city stands on the north bank of the river Tay on the east coast.
Perth is one of Scotlands historic cities and was once the nations capital. The city stands on the river Tay.