Conjunctions Conjunctions are connecting words Example: And adds things together in the sentence I like baseball and soccer. Or also joins, but makes an option What do you like best, dogs or cats? Or can also pose a question.
Using And/Or Sentence 1: I am going to play. Sentence 2: I am going to study. Using And to join: I am going to play, and Im going to study. Using Or to join: I am going to play, or Im going to study.
Using a Comma Before every joining word, a comma (,) must be used Example: I like soup, and I like sandwiches. You also must check that a and/or can be used by taking out the, and/, or and replacing it with a period.
Different Conjunctions Conjunctions arent only and/or, they are: So, because, but, then, after,also just a (,), etc.
More examples No one came to save him, so he went off to explore. Alice smiled, and then turned to her rabbit
Pronouns Take the place of nouns Save time and energy Pronouns are words such as it, he, she, they, etc. **They refer to the previous noun
Examples of Pronouns Joe, won a new car, and he jumped with joy. Joe
Proper Nouns Something's OWN name Include names, nicknames, pets names, places names, city names, etc. Proper Nouns also define All proper nouns start with Capitals Examples: Joe vs. Person Jamestown vs. the city
The Rules A always presents a consonant An always presents a vowel The always presents a singular
The Two Parts of a Sentence Putting Things Together
2 Parts Of a Sentence Sentences are the building blocks of our language The 2 Main Parts are: Subjects Predicates
The Subject Is the Noun of the sentence, The sentence is also based upon the Noun In, The beautiful ballerina leaped into the air like a deer. Ballerina is the subject In, The Seminole Indians traveled over the water in the dugout canals. The quickest way to find the subject is to read the sentence carefully The subject can be singular or plural and 1 or 2 words
The Predicate The predicate names the verb in the sentence that tells what is happening In, The beautiful ballerina leaped into the air like a deer. leaped is the predicate In, The Seminole Indians traveled over water in the dugout canals. the predicate is traveled. The easiest way to find the predicate is to find what the subject is doing.
The 3 Main Types Of Sentences Almost everything we say is said in sentences. There are interrogative, declarative, and imperative sentences
Declarative Sentences Are the most common type of sentence. Are punctuated with a period. Are used to tell our thoughts, and what we see. Can be simple or complex. I have a dream... as MLK Jr. once said. I saw a bird as beautiful as the summer sky as it rises above the horizon.
Interrogative Sentences ALWAYS has a (?) question mark. If you ask enough of them they become self-explanatory. Do stars burn out ? Why are my eyes colored ? Why is global warming such a problem ?
Imperative Sentences May need more than 1 or 2 words. Used to give orders and make requests. Always ends in a (!) exclamation point if used to make requests. Always ends in (.) a period to give orders. Stop! Hug Me. ** In many sentences YOU is not spoken but is understood.
Biography A True story about a persons life Are very interesting stories Are NOT by the person they are about Are written using second hand accounts SECOND-HAND ACCOUNTS –writings that are left behind, diaries, newspapers, and letters, etc.
Autobiography Are books written by the person they are about Auto- means self (ex. Automobile is self driven. Autopilot is a plane that flies by itself) Most are written in Prose, but can be written in poems, plays, or songs
Fiction Are make-believe, or fairytales such as Alice in Wonderland, or Pollyanna Not everything has to be made-up, can have true parts with a twist, or true facts in a made-up story. Ex. You could have a story about traveling through space, that is not true. But, the moon, gravity force, wind, stars, yourself, a spaceshutle, etc.
Non-Fiction Is ALL true Ex. Biographies, and autobiographies, newspaper articles, and school reports, and history IE. A report on the 1989 earthquake in San Francisco
What Is A Phrase ? Main Entry:1phrase Pronunciation:*fr*z Function:noun Etymology:Latin phrasis, from Greek, from phrazein to point out, explain, tell Date:15301 : a characteristic manner or style of expression : DICTION2 a : a brief expression; especially : CATCHPHRASE b : WORD3 : a short musical thought typically two to four measures long closing with a cadence4 : a word or group of words forming a syntactic constituent with a single grammatical function *an adverbial phrase*5 : a series of dance movements comprising a section of a pattern
Actions Speak Louder Than Words Means, some people dont mean what they say. It is often obvious what is meant. Dad says he hates cats – even Juju, Stewart said. But, Tracy said, last night, I saw Dad kiss the top of his head. Well, Stewart said, I think he really loves Juju, well, actions speak louder than words.
Beggars, Cant Be Choosers This phrase means if you are needy, dont be picky even if it isnt exactly what you want or need. I didnt have time to eat, Jane said, and Im starving! But the only thing left in the cafeteria is yesterdays spinach salad. Beggars cant be choosers, Jane, Nicky said, looks like youll actually have to eat something healthy for a change.
Let Bygones Be Bygones This means that people should forget about bad feelings towards each other. I cant belive you wont help me with this science experiment! It means a lot, Im failing, Tyron said screaming,Why wont you help. Come on, Tyron, Janine said,Ill help you study. There is no sense in being mad. Just Let bygones be bygones.
Look Before You Leap Talks about risks we take in life. It means that we should think before acting. Mom, Andrew asked me if I want to take over his paper route. Isnt that a great idea ? Then I could by that new trumpet. I dont know, mother said, you have music lessons every day after school. Do you really have time. You should Look before you leap.
One Rotten Apple Spoils The Whole Barrel Today, you are going to use your text books and do partner notes. Turn to page 63, it is at the bottom of pg. 63 and pg. 64
A Place for Everything and Everything in its Place Today, you are going to use your text books and do partner notes. Turn to pg. 64 You must have a different partner
The Show Must Go On Means no matter what happens the project must keep going. I cant play goalie this weekend, Lisa said, I have a sprained ankle. Its okay, said the coach, the show must go on.
His Bark Is Worse Than His Bite Means someone looks or acts a lot differently than who they really are. Mr. Crackles is such a grouch, Meg said. Yeah, said Mickey, they shouldnt call him principal, they should call him prince-paddle. You are so foolish you 2, Missy explained, you know he wouldnt paddle anyone. He might get mad easy but hes really a nice man. His bark is worse that his bite.
Beat Around The Bush Today, you are going to use your text books and do partner notes. Turn to page 65, You must work with someone you haven't yet worked with.
Clean Bill Of Health Today, you are going to use your text books and do partner notes. Turn to page 65
On His Last Legs Means something is about to die or break for good. Your job now is to write a role play for this phrase. The best one will become part of this presentation.
This powerpoint was kindly donated to is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching.