Презентация на тему: " The Regions of the United States Americans often speak of their country as one of several large regions. These regions are cultural units formed by history." — Транскрипт:
The Regions of the United States Americans often speak of their country as one of several large regions. These regions are cultural units formed by history and geography and shaped by the economics, literature and folkways that all the parts of a region share.
What makes one region different from another? A regions multicultural heritage as well as distinct demographic characteristics like age and occupation make regions different and special. Within several regions, language is used differently and there are strong dialects.
Here you can see these regions. They are six: New England ( Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont) The Mid-Atlantic (Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Washington D.C.) The South (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia) The Midwest (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin) The Southwest (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas) The West (Alaska, Colorado, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming)
NEW ENGLAND New England is a region in the northeastern corner of the United States consisting of the six states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.New England is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Canada, and the State of New York.
New England produced the first pieces of American literature and philosophy and was home to the beginnings of free public education. In the 19th century, it played a prominent role in the movement to abolish slavery in the United States. Today, New England is a major center of education, high technology, insurance, medicine, and tourism. It is known for its universities, historic cities and landmarks, and natural beauty.
Politically, the states of New England are largely divided into small, unique municipalities known as New England towns, which are often governed by town meeting.
The Mid-Atlantic region The Mid-Atlantic states, also called middle Atlantic states or simply the mid Atlantic, form a region of the United States generally located between New England and the South. Its exact definition differs upon source, but the region includes Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Washington D.C., and New York.
The regions largest states, New York and Pennsylvania, became centers of heavy industry (iron, glass, and steel). As heavy industry spread throughout the region, rivers such as the Hudson and Delaware were transformed into vital shipping lanes. Cities on waterways –New York on the Hudson, Philadelphia on the Delaware, Baltimore on Chesapeake Bay – grew rapidly.
The visitor who expects only factories and crowded cities in the Mid-Atlantic region will be surprised. There are more wooded hills than factory chimneys, more fields than concrete roads, and more farmhouses than office buildings.
The South region The Southern United States constitutes a large distinctive region in the southeastern and south- central United States. Because of the region's unique cultural and historic heritage, including Native Americans, early European settlements of English, French, Scotch-Irish, Scottish, and German heritage, importation of hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans and growth of a large proportion of African Americans in the population.
The South developed its own customs, literature, musical styles, and varied cuisines that have profoundly formed traditional American culture.
In the 21st century, the South remains demographically distinct with higher percentages of blacks, lower percentages of high school graduates, lower housing values, lower household incomes and higher percentages of people in poverty.
The region however still has many landscapes to delight the human sense of poetry and wonder. The region is blessed with rainfalls and a mild climate. Crops grow easily in its soils and can be grown without frost for at least six months of the year.
The Midwest region The region consists of twelve states in the north-central United States: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ohio and Wisconsin.
The Midwest is known as the nations breadbasket. The fertile soil of the region makes it possible for farmers to produce great harvests of cereal crops such as wheat, oats and corn. Corn is the most important of all American agriculture as iron is to American industry.
Farms are normally located separate from each other, close to the fields, and often beyond the sight of its neighbours. The village or town is principally a place where the farm family travels to buy suppliers, to attend church and to go for entertainment or political, social or business meetings.
The Southwest region The Southwestern region of the USA consists of 4 states: Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Oklahoma. According to some sources this region is not divided and all these states refers to the West.
The Southwest is drier than Midwest in weather. The population is less dense and with strong Spanish-American and Native-American components, more ethnically varied than neighbouring areas.
Outside the cities, the region is a land of open spaces, much of which is desert. The magnificent Grand Canyon is located in this region, in the state of Arizona.
The population in the region is growing rapidly. Arizona, for example, now is a destination for retired Americans in search of a warm climate.
Since the last third of the 19 th century American desert has growing smaller. The settlers learned that the prairies could grow corn and that the grasslands could feed cattle and sheep. As they continue to cultivate the desert, its size will decrease.
The West region The West can be divided into the Pacific States; Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington, with the term West Coast usually restricted to just California, Oregon, and Washington, and the Mountain States, always Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming. Alaska and Hawaii, being detached from the other western states, have few similarities with them, but are usually also classified as part of the West.
The west is a region of the great beauty. In much of the West, the federal government owns and manages millions of hectares of undeveloped land. Americans use these areas for recreational and commercial activities, such as fishing, camping, hiking and boating.
Hawaii consists of a lot of small islands, which are separated from another states. It is the only state in the Union in which Asian Americans are the largest ethnic group. At the beginning of the 1980s, the large number of Asians have also settled in California.
Los Angeles is best known as a home of the Hollywood film industry. Fueled by the growth of Los Angeles and the Silicon Valley, California has become the most populous of all the states. Perhaps because so many westerners have moved there from another regions to make a new start, Western cities are known for their tolerance and a very strong Live-and-let- live attitude.