Past Perfect Simple What had Lesley done before her husband came home? She had cooked dinner, but she hadnt laid the table.
Form had + V3 affirmative: She had cooked interrogative: Had she cooked? negative: She hadnt cooked.
Say what Lesley had or hadnt done before her husband came home. wash / the dishes feed / the dog ˣ make / the beds do / the shopping iron / the clothes ˣ water / the plants clean / the windows
It was Maries birthday yesterday and she gave a party for her friends. What had Mary done before the day of the party? She had prepared the food. -bake / a cake -send / the invitations -put up / the decorations -clean / the house -borrow / some CDs
Use They had done their homework before they went out to play yesterday afternoon. What did the children do yesterday afternoon? What did they do first? What did they do after some time?
Use 1 We use the Past Perfect Simple for an action which happened in the past before another past action. The action which happened earlier in the past is in the past perfect simple, and action which happened later is in the past simple.
Use She had watered all the flowers by five oclock in the afternoon. What was she doing before five oclock? Was she watering the flowers after five oclock? So, had she finished watering the flowers before five oclock?
Use 2 We use the past perfect simple for an action which happened before a stated time in the past.
Time Expressions before after already just till / until when by by the time