Алексеева А.И., учитель английского языка МОУ СОШ 47, г.Рязань. - презентация
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Алексеева А.И., учитель английского языка МОУ СОШ 47, г.Рязань
…that is what learning is. You suddenly understand something you have understood all you life, but in a new way. Doris Lessing Learning without thought is labour lost; thought without learning is perilous. Confucius BC For every person wishing to teach there are thirty not wanting to be taught. W. C.Sellar Education made us what we are. Helvetius
Its the route of your excursion Stages Types Exams Check your self Start Useful words
Education system Pre-school –education Primary school Secondary school Division(s) Nursery school Kindergarten A reception class Comprehensive school Grammar school Infant school Junior school- State school Private school Independent school Boarding school Compulsory Ordinary Optional To start school To leave school at 16 To graduate from school To stay at primary school To enter a secondary school To accept children of all abilities Entrance examinations To pass a selection test to get in To continue education ( studies) GCSE –general certificate of secondary education(O-level exam) A level exam (advanced level)
State schools Private schools Boarding schools Comprehensive schools Grammar schools Modern secondary schools Public schools
93% of children attend state schools. All state schools in Britain are free, and schools provide their pupils with books and equipment for their studies. State secondary schools are for children aged fall into three main types: secondary modern, grammar and comprehensive.
The comprehensive system aims to develop the gifts of all children to the full. Comprehensive schools are schools which take children of all abilities so there are no entrance exams.
About 4% of students attend grammar schools, which they enter at age 11 on the basis of their abilities. Children have to pass a selection test to get in. Grammar schools offer a mainly academic education for the 11 to 18 age group Schoolmasters and mistresses of Grammar schools wear academic gowns and academic caps, children wear uniform with a school badge
Secondary modern schools concentrate on practical work: metal and woodwork, domestic science and cooking. The children leave school at 15 with a certificate of written evidence of their studies.
Private schools in Britain and Wales are very expensive and they are attended by about 5% of the school population. The education in public schools is of high quality, the discipline is very strict. Most of private schools are either for boys or girls. Private schools are famous not only for their perfect education but also for the right friends and contacts which are useful and successful future. In some British schools uniform are worn by all the pupils, in others the children can wear what they want to. Some public schools in Britain, such as Eton, have uniforms based on what was worn over a hundred years ago. Some private schools are very famous such as Eton, Harrow, Rugby and Winchester. Harrow school is famous as the place where Winston Churchill was educated, as well as six other Prime Ministers of Great Britain, the poet Lord Byron and many other prominent people. Some of them are : ETON( 1440) pupils HARRY(1571)- 700pupils RUGBY( 1567) - 700pupils WINCHESTER (1382) - 530pupils
ClassSchoolAge Nursery school or kindergarten 3434 Reception class Year1 Infant school Primary school 5656 Year2 Year3 Year4 Year5 year6 Junior school Year7 Year8 Year9 Year10 Year11 Secondary school Year12 Year 13 Sixth form 17 18
At the age of 11 students pass the Eleven –Plus examination of three papers : English, Arithmetic and Intelligent Test At the age of 16, pupils take their GCSE exams called O-levels. (English, French, Math or GNVQ _ General National Vocational Qualifications –design, business and tourism) Those who get good grades can stay on at school go into the sixth form or a six form college Thus children can prepare for a national exam called A-level(Advanced Level) at 18. A person needs A level to enter a university.
If a pupil doesnt make good grades at GCSE exams he/she can leave school and… Go to a college of further education Get a job Do voluntary work Travel and work abroad
Lets play lotto ! 1.Read a sentence 2.Agree or disagree with a statement. 3. If your answer is right, you can cover the number on your card. 4.Be attentive!
All state schools in Britain are free Grammar schools take children of all abilities A lot of students attend grammar schools Primary schools have no divisions Children start primary school at 10 Children under 5 years have to go to school State schools do not provide their pupils with books and equipment for their studies Education in Britain is compulsory from 5-16 years At 11 most pupils go to secondary schools Private schools are not very expensive A level is necessary for University entrance GCSE exam was introduced for 18 year-olds