Lecture#02 Telegraph communications The Bonch-Bruevich Saint-Petersburg State University of Telecommunications Series of lectures Telecommunication networks. - презентация
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Lecture#02 Telegraph communications The Bonch-Bruevich Saint-Petersburg State University of Telecommunications Series of lectures Telecommunication networks Instructor: Prof. Nikolay Sokolov,
A bit of history (1) Cabinet of the director of tsar palaces telegraph. Picture by E. Hau. Part of Winter Palaces facade with the tower for optical telegraph from the side of Admiralty building. Chappes telegraph signals
A bit of history (2) 1890-th years. Cossacks squad is guarding the telegraph line (fromIllustrated history of equitation", published in Paris in 1893) Picture by Louis Valle (1856–1940)
Telegraphy and ITU ITU was International Telegraph Union (in 17/05/1865) World Telecommunication Day has been celebrated annually on 17 May since 1969, marking the foundation of ITU and the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention in It was instituted by the Plenipotentiary Conference in Malaga-Torremolinos, Spain, in In November 2006, the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference in Antalya, Turkey, decided to celebrate both events on 17 May as World Telecommunication and Information Society Day.
Telegraph set (1960) This set was installed for hot line Moscow – Washington (1960)
Message on the paper tape Paper tape with holes representing the "Baudot Code"
International telegraph alphabet 2 Source: ITU-T Recommendation S.1 The coded character set of ITA2 is based on a 5- unit-structure. Condition A corresponds to start polarity, no perforation in paper tape and symbol 0 of the binary notation. Condition Z corresponds to stop polarity, perforation in paper tape and symbol 1 in the binary notation.
Teleprinter Keyboard of a teleprinter using the Baudot code
Chain: information – message – signal Analogue signal can be represented by continuous functions. A typical example is voice transmission in the period, when a subscriber is talking. A discrete signal is a group of elements, belonging to the finite set. A typical example is a telegram, which consists of letters, digits and ordering information.
Disadvantages of telegraphy (3) The main factor is reduction of demand!
Conclusions The decrease of demand for telegraph communications services and the growth of modern services demand is a worldwide tendency. In many countries the problem of supporting public telegraph network services is solved in a variety of ways. For example, in the Holland telegraph communication has ceased functioning in In January, 2006 the oldest American national operator Western Union has announced a total closure of the telegraph service. At the same time in Canada, Belgium, Germany, Japan some companies still support services on sending and delivering traditional telegraph messages.