Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. He wrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885).
On a voyage to New Orleans down the Mississippi, steamboat pilot Horace E. Bixby inspired Twain to become a pilot himself. Twain studied 2,000 miles of the Mississippi for more than two years before he received his steamboat pilot license in This occupation gave him his pen name, Mark Twain, from "mark twain," the cry for a measured river depth of two fathoms. The alias
Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born in Florida, Missouri, on November 30, He was the sixth of seven children, but only three of his siblings survived. When he was four, Twain's family moved to Hannibal, Missouri, a port town on the Mississippi River that inspired the fictional town of St. Petersburg in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Twain's father was an attorney and judge. Early life
In 1847, when Twain was 11, his father died of pneumonia. The next year, he became a printer's apprentice. In 1851, he began working as a typesetter and contributor of articles and humorous sketches for the Hannibal Journal, a newspaper owned by his brother Orion. When he was 18, he left Hannibal and worked as a printer in New York City, Philadelphia, St. Louis, and Cincinnati. He joined the newly formed International Typographical Union, the printers union, and educated himself in public libraries in the evenings, finding wider information than at a conventional school.
Clemens came from St. Louis on the packet Keokuk in 1854 and lived in Muscatine during part of the summer of The Muscatine newspaper published eight stories, which amounted to almost 6,000 words. At the start of the Civil War, Twain enlisted briefly in a Confederate local unit. He then left for Nevada to work for his brother, a senior official in the Federal government. Twain later wrote a sketch, "The Private History of a Campaign That Failed," which told how he and his friends had been Confederate volunteers for two weeks before disbanding their company. Early life
Twain's major publication was The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, which drew on his youth in Hannibal. The book also introduced in a supporting role Huckleberry Finn, based on Twain's boyhood friend Tom Blankenship. Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn
The Prince and the Pauper Telling the story of two boys born on the same day who are physically identical, the book acts as a social commentary as the prince and pauper switch places. Pauper was Twain's first attempt at historical fiction, and blame for its shortcomings is usually put on Twain for having not been experienced enough in English society, and also on the fact that it was produced after a massive hit. In between the writing of Pauper, Twain had started Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and started and completed another travel book, A Tramp Abroad, which follows Twain as he traveled through central and southern Europe.