Презентация на тему: " John Davison Rockefeller Zhitikhin Mihail, 11 th form Checked by: Inna Veniaminovna Chudinovskikh." — Транскрипт:
John Davison Rockefeller Zhitikhin Mihail, 11 th form Checked by: Inna Veniaminovna Chudinovskikh
Youngster-Johny: He was born in July 8, 1839,in Richford,New York state in a family of lumberjack, And stranger-seller later.His childhood were poor,but his father was an awesome Folk,father tried to recieve cash for his family. John recalled that his father from an early age had told him about the enterprises, which was, he explained the principles of doing things, he wrote about his father: "He often traded with me and bought me a variety of services. He taught me how to buy and sell. My father just "coached" me on enrichment! " At age 13, John went to school in the town of Richford. In his autobiography, he wrote that he found it difficult to learn and to perform the hard lessons had to deal with. Rockefeller successfully graduated from high school and went to college in Cleveland, where he taught accounting and the basics of commerce, but soon came to the conclusion that the three-month accounting courses and thirst for activity will bring much more than a few years of college, so leave it.
Career In 1853, the Rockefeller family moved to Cleveland. Since John D. Rockefeller was one of the older children in the family, then at the age of 16, he went to look for work. By the time he was already quite well known mathematician, and finished three- month courses in Accounting in Cleveland. After six weeks of searching, he was taken as an assistant accountant in a small company Hewitt & Tuttle, engaged in real estate and marine transportation, he soon rose to the position of accountant. He quickly was able to establish himself as a competent professional, and as soon as the Managing Director of Hewitt & Tuttle left his post in his place immediately appointed Rockefeller. In this case, set the salary of $ 600 dollars, while its predecessor received $ 2,000, because of that Rockefeller left the company, and it was his only in the biography of the employment.
In April 27, 1857 he becomes a junior partner of the company, "Clark and Rochester", the company was selling hay, grain, meat and other goods. During these years, the southern states declared secession from the Union and the Civil War began, the federal government felt the need to supply a large army, and to carry out large- scale orders for food supply starting capital of $ 4,000 was not enough, the company needed a loan. Despite the fact that the company was young, Rockefeller succeeded his sincerity make a positive impression on the director of the bank, and he agreed to give the company credit.
Standard Oil Standard Oil Company was established in Rockefeller started looking for oil. In its early years the future billionaire noticed that all the oil business is some confusion of the car. He knew that only by bringing order to the work, it will be possible to think about some kind of commercial success. That's what he was engaged with a partner. To start was established charter company. To motivate employees, Rockefeller initially decided to abandon wage premiruya their shares. He believed that because of this they will work more actively, as will be considered a part of the company. Yes, and their final earnings will depend on the success of the business.
Business began to bring income, and Rockefeller has been gradually buying other oil companies at a time, small businesses that cost is not too expensive. This strategy did not like many Americans. Rockefeller agreed with the railway companies on the regulation of transport prices, thus Standard Oil received lower prices than the competition: for the transportation of oil barrels she paid 10 cents, while its competitors - 35 cents, and with a difference of 25 cents on each barrel company Rockefeller also received income. Competitors could not resist him, Rockefeller made them a choice: association with it, or ruin. Most of them prefer to be part of Standard Oil in exchange for a stake.
Rockefeller Standard Oil brought $ 3 million per year, he owned sixteen railway and six steel companies, nine companies selling real estate, six shipping companies, nine banks and three orange roschami.Imya Rockefeller became a symbol of wealth. Rockefeller lived more comfortably, but did not put their wealth on display, like other millionaires with New York's 5th Avenue. He had a house and a plot of land of 700 acres (283 hectares) on the outskirts of Cleveland, as well as at home in the states of New York, Florida and private golf courses in New Jersey. But most of all he loved the villa "Pocantico Hills" not far from New York. Lower: Manor Kaykut,house of John
The end of the story In 1935, when Rockefeller turned 96 years old, the insurance company sent him a check for $ 5 million, it was the first time in the history of the company - according to statistics to survive this age, only one person out of a hundred thousand. Rockefeller wanted to live to a hundred years, but did not live three years - May 23, 1937, he died of a heart attack at the age of 97 years.