Theme: «Buddhism» Made by Akopyan Artem and Golubetskaya Alina Teacher: Rozanova E. A. - презентация
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Презентация на тему: " Theme: «Buddhism» Made by Akopyan Artem and Golubetskaya Alina Teacher: Rozanova E. A." — Транскрипт:
Theme: «Buddhism» Made by Akopyan Artem and Golubetskaya Alina Teacher: Rozanova E. A.
Buddhism (Pali/Sanskrit: Buddha Dharma) is a religion and philosophy enco mpassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha (Pāli/Sanskrit "the awakened one"). Buddhism (Pali/Sanskrit: Buddha Dharma) is a religion and philosophy enco mpassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha (Pāli/Sanskrit "the awakened one"). PaliSanskritreligionphilosophySiddhartha GautamaBuddhaPāliSanskritPaliSanskritreligionphilosophySiddhartha GautamaBuddhaPāliSanskrit
The Buddha lived and taught in the northeastern IIII nnnn dddd iiii aaaa nnnn ssss uuuu bbbb cccc oooo nnnn tttt iiii nnnn eeee nnnn tttt some time between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. [[[[ 2222 ]]]] He is recognized by BBBB uuuu dddd dddd hhhh iiii ssss tttt ssss as an aaaa wwww aaaa kkkk eeee nnnn eeee dddd or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help ssss eeee nnnn tttt iiii eeee nnnn tttt bbbb eeee iiii nnnn gggg ssss end ssss uuuu ffff ffff eeee rrrr iiii nnnn gggg (or dddd uuuu kkkk kkkk hhhh aaaa), achieve nnnn iiii rrrr vvvv aaaa nnnn aaaa, and escape what is seen as a cccc yyyy cccc llll eeee o o o o ffff s s s s uuuu ffff ffff eeee rrrr iiii nnnn gggg a a a a nnnn dddd r r r r eeee bbbb iiii rrrr tttt hhhh.
Two major branches of Buddhism are recognized: Theravada ("The School of the Elders") and Mahayana ("The Great Vehicle"). Theravadathe oldest surviving branchhas a widespread following in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia, and Mahayana is found throughout East Asia and includes the traditions of Pure Land, Zen, Nichiren Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism, Shingon, Tendai and Shinnyo-en. In some classificationsVajrayanaa subcategory of Mahayana practiced in Tibet and Mongoliais recognized as a third branch. TheravadaMahayanaSri LankaSoutheast AsiaEast AsiaPure LandZenNichiren BuddhismTibetan BuddhismShingonTendaiShinnyo-enVajrayanaTheravadaMahayanaSri LankaSoutheast AsiaEast AsiaPure LandZenNichiren BuddhismTibetan BuddhismShingonTendaiShinnyo-enVajrayana
While Buddhism remains most popular within Asia, both branches are now found throughout the world. Estimates of Buddhists worldwide vary significantly depending on the way Buddhist adherence is defined. Lower estimates are between 350–500 million.  
However, when including Chinese religion which has traditionally consisted of forms of Mahayana Buddhism alongside Chinese folk religion the number would range from 1–1.6 billion.
Buddhist schoolsBuddhist schools vary on the exact nature of the path to liberation, the importance and canonicity of various teachings and scriptures, and especially their respective practices.  The foundations of Buddhist tradition and practice are the Three Jewels: the Buddha, the Dharma (the teachings), and the Sangha (the community). liberationcanonicity of various teachings and scriptures Three JewelsDharmaSangha Buddhist schoolsliberationcanonicity of various teachings and scriptures Three JewelsDharmaSangha
Taking "refuge in the triple gem" has traditionally been a declaration and commitment to being on the Buddhist path and in general distinguishes a Buddhist from a non-Buddhist. refuge
Other practices may include following ethical precepts, support of the monastic community, renouncing conventi onal living and becoming a monastic, the development of mindfulness and practice of meditation, cultivation of higher wisdom and discernment, study of scriptures, devotional practices, ceremonies, and in the Mahayana tradition, invocation of buddhas and bodhisattvas. ethical preceptssupport of the monastic communityrenouncingmonasticmindfulnessmeditationdevotionalbodhisattvasethical preceptssupport of the monastic communityrenouncingmonasticmindfulnessmeditationdevotionalbodhisattvas