The area of the capital is nearly 800 sq. km. Its population has started growing recently and at the beginning of 2004 was 2611 thousand people, most of them Ukrainians but also many Russians, Jews, Bilorussians and Poles. The city is spread on both banks in the middle of the river Dnipro. Central districts of the capital are situated on the Kviv plain that before Dnipro is forming its high Right Bank.
There are many deep ravines in the city that divide it, into separate Highlands that are called mountains Starokyivska, Pecherska, Shcherkavytsya, Khorevytsya and others. The new part of the city, is situated on the lowland left bank of Dnipro. There were no buildings here before 1917 and the territory belonged to the Chernigiv region.
The historic part of the city consists of the places that formed hundreds of years ago: Podil, Pechersk, Lypky, Zwynets, Obolon, Klov, Gonchary and others. Podil Pechersk Lypky Obolon Gonchary
Kyiv is a large industrial centre of Ukraine, the leading industries being mechanical engineering and metallurgy. The other highly developed areas include chemical and transport, mechanical engineering, radio- electronics, and production of planes, trawlers, and artificial stones. The strong energy base aids the development of industry.
Kyiv is a large centre of car, rail, air and river ways. Due to the concentration of large economic potential and city population Kyiv became a large industrial centre uniting a huge agglomeration of towns around it (Bila Tserkva, Vasylkiv, Fastiv, Boryspil, Irpin and others). Bila Tserkva Vasylkiv Fastiv Boryspil
The Ukrainian capital is one of the largest European scientific and cultural centers. There is a wide web of scientific establishments, higher education establishments, medium specialized schools, lyceums, gymnasiums, places of culture and art.
Sofia cathedral Golden Gate Vydubytskyy monastery Kyevo-Pecherska Lavra Kyrylivska church Among the most famous places of the city is Sofia cathedral (1017–31), the Golden Gate (1017–24), Vydubytskyy monastery (XI century), Kyevo-Pecherska Lavra (1051), Kyrylivska church (middle of XII century), Bratskyy monastery (1616), Volodymyrskyy cathedral (1862–96), Mariyinskyy palace (1745–52) and many others. Bratskyy monastery Volodymyrskyy cathedral Mariyinskyy palace