What are coping skills? -They are skills that can help you deal with the stresses and problems of growing up. Growing up can be hard. You may face stress: At home Even when there are no serious problems, getting along with parents and other family members is not always easy. Its normal for people to have different opinions. At School Pressure to get good grades, play a sport or make friends can be intense! In your school life For example, friends may put pressure on you to do certain things or think a certain way.
Why learn about coping skills? - Because learning-and-using coping skills can help you give the confidence you need to move ahead in life. Coping skills can help you: Feel good about yourself Unless you know how to handle stress, it can lower your self-esteem. Coping skills give you the tools you need. Making good decisions There is an art to making decisions. Once you learn it. Youll be more likely to make decisions that are right for you. Stay positive Problems can make you feel hopeless. Coping skills will help you see your problems for what they are – and help you find solutions.
Young people are under a lot of stress -Stress is a tense feeling inside. You may feel it when you face a new, unpleasant or threatening situation. For example: Problems at home -Violence -A parents use of alcohol -Physical abuse -Emotional abuse or neglect -A lack of money -Divorce in the family -A parents illness -Crowded living conditions
Peer pressure Your friends may try to get you to do things you dont think are right, such as: Using drugs Having sex Stealing Skipping school Pressure From Parents Your parents may be so eager for you to do well in school that expect too much You cant avoid stress completely. But when stress gets too high, you may often feel: Tired Angry Sad or hopeless Too much stress can lead to headaches, stomach upset and other health problems.
Reduce your stress Identify the sources of stress Set realistic goals Reach out (talk to a parent, another adult you trust or a friend about how you are feeling) Be good to yourself (eat right, get enough sleep, exercise, do things you enjoy) Keep a journal (writing about a problem helps you to face the problem and think about possible solutions) Use positive self-talk (if someone wants you to use alcohol, tell yourself you can refuse-then do it) Find ways to Let of steam (if a problem gets you all worked up, do something to help yourself calm down) Learn relaxation methods (go to a quiet place alone, close your eyes and picture a peaceful scene, take a break from your worries)
Build your self-esteem Get to know yourself and what you want out of life Accept yourself – your weaknesses as well as your strengths Take responsibility for your choices and actions Face your problems – dont run away from them Focus on the positive – dont tell yourself youre not good enough, develop a plan to meet your goals, write your plan in your journal Stick up for yourself – hold on to your beliefs, ask for what you want in a direct way, speak up when others are do or say things that hurt you Be a good friend to yourself – the world will seem like a friendlier place
Make your own decisions Making good decisions means asking yourself the right questions: Would you want to do it if no one else were doing it? What could I lose? What would my family think of my decisions? Making a list of pros and cons can help you weigh your choices.
Good places to turn for help Reaching out is a key to coping with problems. You can turn to: Friends Parents and other adults School counselors (counselors are trained to help with all sorts of problems) Self-help groups Hotlines Dont keep problems to yourself! Talking to someone can help you overcome difficult situations – and feel better.
You can learn to cope with anything life throws your way!