Early music of the British Isles, from the earliest recorded times until the Baroque and the rise of recjgnisably modern classical music, was a diverse and rich culture, including sacred and secular music and ranging from the popular to the elite Folk music. There are four primaly components of the United Kingdom, each with their own diverse and distinctive folk music forms – England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. In additon, there are numerous distinct and semi-distinct folk traditions from the Isle of Man, Cornwall and the Channel Islands, as well as immigrants from Jamaica, India, the Common wealth and other parts of the world. England has a long and diverse history of folk music dating back at least to the medieval period and including many forms of music, song and dance. Northern Ireland ( along with the Republic of Ireland ) has the most vibrant folk traditions. Scottish folk music includes many kinds of songs, including ballads and laments, sung by a single singer with accompaniment by bagpipes, fiddles or harps. Wales is a Celtic country that features folk music played at twmpathaw ( communal dances ) and gwyh werin ( music festivals ).
Classical music Classical music has been written and performed in what is now the United Kingdom for centuries. Key composers include Gustav Holst, Edward Elgar and Benjamin Britten.
Early British popular music broadsise ballads were the first genre of British popular music. Music hall songs are characterized by a simple beat and a strong melody or tune which can be easily acquired by the audience. From abaut 1925 to 1946 the most popular form of music in the UK was Dance Bands.
British popular music The 1950s saw most of the world that had access to records listening to American artist. The United Kingdom made American tradition into distinctively British ones such as skiffle and trad jazz, and eventually added influences from English, Scottish and Irish folk music. By the middle of the 1960s, British artists had grown so adept at British-style rock, R&B and blues that the British Invasion occurred, led by the Beatles, the Who, the Rolling Stones and the kinks. heavy metal and progressive rock were developing into full – fledged genres of British popular music.
Heavy metal Evelved from pioneers like T. Rex, Led Zeppeln, Deep Purple, and Black Sabbath into the hard-edged, complex music of bands lire Iron Maiden and JudasPriest.
Progressive rock Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Yes, Pink Floyd, King Crimson, Queen, Jethro Tull, Gentle Giant and Genesis.
Punk becam well-known after the coming of the Sex Pistols. Punk also spawned many subgenres, such as 2tone,psychopilly, and goth.
Alternative rock subgenre of punk music including Siouxsie and the Banshees, Vardis, The Cure.
In the 1980s House and allied genres like techno music evolved out of a complex electronic music scence in 1970s united states, but began to grow popular as part of club culture in 80s Britain, where it spauned numerous subgenres like drum n bass. In the early 21st century the most popular music in Britain is Britpop along with synthetic qualities of British experimental electronic music, grime ( a unique type of garage / hip-hop ). « Indie rock » has become very popular in recent years, but there is no overall dominant genre of music, with young people listening to a wide range of styles.
Выполнила: студентка II курса ФХТ Ермолина Лидия