My work is devoted, perhaps, to the most famous and well-known Scottish poet. His name is Robert Burns. I would like to tell you about his life and his. - презентация
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Презентация на тему: " My work is devoted, perhaps, to the most famous and well-known Scottish poet. His name is Robert Burns. I would like to tell you about his life and his." — Транскрипт:
My work is devoted, perhaps, to the most famous and well-known Scottish poet. His name is Robert Burns. I would like to tell you about his life and his creative work, which is filled with love to the native land and its people. Let me present my research. (25 January, July,1796)
Biography Childhood Robert Burns was born on the 25 of January in 1759 year in a clay- built cottage near the River Doon in Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland. He was the eldest of seven children of William Burness and Agnes Broun.
He was also taught by John Murdoch, who opened an adventure school in Alloway in 1763 and taught Latin, French, and mathematics to both Robert and his brother Gilbert from 1765 to 1768 until Murdoch left the parish. He had little regular schooling and got much of his education from his father, who taught his children reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, and history and also wrote for them A Manual Of Christian Belief.
Youth These years Robert read any book he could get. When Robert was 13, he had to take over most of the work on the farm from his father, who was growing old. Those were hard times. Robert often suffered from illnesses because of the hard work and little food. Soon, however, there came even harder times. The owner of the farm died, leaving his affairs in the hands of his steward, a cruel man whom the tenants disliked and feared. Burns family lived very poorly indeed. But despite the hard times, the fifteen- year- old Robert began to write
During the harvest of 1774, he was assisted by Nelly Kilpatrick, who inspired his first attempt at poetry, O, Once I Love'd A Bonnie Lass. In 1777 William Burness removed his large family from the unfavourable conditions of Mount Oliphant to the farm at Lochlea, near Tarbolton, where they stayed until William Burness' death in On 31 July 1786 John Wilson published the volume of works by Robert Burns, Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect. Known as the Kilmarnock volume, it sold for 3 shillings and contained much of his best writing, many of which had been written at Mossgiel farm. The success of the work was immediate, and soon he was known across the country.
On his return to Ayrshire on 18 February 1788, he resumed his relationship with Jean Armour and took a lease on the farm of Ellisland near Dumfries on 18 March. Armour bore him nine children in total, but only three survived infancy. He gave up the farm in Meanwhile, he was writing at his best, and in November 1790 had produced Tam O' Shanter.
After giving up his farm he removed to Dumfries. It was at this time that, being requested to write lyrics for The Melodies of Scotland, he responded by contributing over 100 songs. Burns also worked to collect and preserve Scottish folk songs, sometimes revising, expanding, and adapting them. Many of Burns' most famous poems are songs with the music based upon older traditional songs.
The last years Burns died on July in Dumfries. He was only 37 years old. According to biographers of XIX-th century - one of the reasons for the sudden death of Burns was excessive alcohol consumption. Historians of XX-th century are inclined to believe that Burns died from the effects of heavy physical labor in his youth and congenital rheumatic heart disease, which in 1796 was exacerbated by the transferred them to diphtheria. His early death was due to the fact that all his life he lived in poverty; all his life the lack of money made him work physically beyond his strength. Robert Burns Mausoleum at St. Michael's churchyard in Dumfries.
Creative work Burns wrote many poems in English, but the kind of English verse which was fashionable at that time did not suit him, and his best verses are written in the dialect of his own country, Ayrshire. In this Scottish dialect he wrote all kinds of poems- beautiful and tender songs in which he showed sympathy for the poor; angry verses in which he showed his dislike for the rich and made fun of the Church. With tenderness, understanding and simplicity, he depicts the life he knew, and his poems touch the heart and soul of every reader. Before his poems were published, they had been passed round among his friends and acquaintances in Ayrshire.
Burns wrote about the feelings of ordinary poor people, and these people read and loved Burns poems. One writer of that time tells how servants and plough- boys gave all their hard- earned wages, which they needed to buy clothes, for a book of Burns poems. Burns traveled much throughout Scotland collecting folk- tales and ballads. When he was offered money for this work, he refused to take any though he was always short of money. His work was inspired by pure patriotism and love for his people and their poetry.
Burns language Though Burns studied at the village school,his teacher was a man with a university education - John Murdoch. Under the leadership of Murdoch Burns was engaged, among other things, the poetry of Alexander Pope. As evidenced by the manuscript's English Burns possessed impeccable, using the same Scots is a deliberate choice of the poet. Burns associated with the name of a particular form of the stanza: scheme AAABAB with shortened fourth and sixth lines. It is known as "Burns stanza, although its official name - the standard Gabby. This form is used in Russian poetry, for example, in the poems of Pushkin's "Echo" and "Meltdown".
Burns in Russia In Imperial times, the Russian aristocracy was so out of touch with the peasantry that Burns, translated into Russian, became a symbol for the ordinary Russian people. In Soviet Russia, Burns was elevated as the archetypal poet of the people. A new translation of Burns, begun in 1924 by Samuil Marshak. Burns was a great admirer of the egalitarian ethos behind the French Revolution, and that was an additional reason for the Communist regime to endorse him as a "progressive" artist. However, he has remained popular in Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union as well.
Burns and music Burns' poetry is simple, rhythmic and musical, not accidental, and the Russian translation of many poems lay down on the music. The creation of musical works in their time engaged in Shostakovich and G. Sviridov.
A Red, Red Rose O, my love is like a red, red rose, That is newly sprung in June. O, my love is like the melody, That is sweetly played in tune. As fair are you, my lovely lass, So deep in love am I, And I will love you still, my Dear, Till all the seas go dry. Till all the seas go dry, my Dear, And the rocks melt with the sun! O I will love you still, my Dear, While the sands of life shall run. And fare you well, my only Love, And fare you well a while! And I will come again, my Love, Although it were ten thousand mile! My favorite Burns poem
Conclusion Burns poetry is loved by all his countrymen. They love Burns for the generosity and kindness of his inner world, for patriotism and truthfulness of what he wrote. In his poems he sang the pride and dignity of the peasants of Scotland, the beauty and glory of their homeland. Burns praised the true love and friendship. Although Robert Burns lived a long time ago, his poems are still alive and will always be clear to many people.
Thank you for your attention! That is all for now))