Презентация на тему: " INFINITIVE CENTRE OF EDUCATION 1443 MOSCOW by English teacher Larisa A. Nuzhnenko." — Транскрипт:
INFINITIVE CENTRE OF EDUCATION 1443 MOSCOW by English teacher Larisa A. Nuzhnenko
Forms of the Infinitive Active VoicePassive Voice Presentto paintto be painted Present Continuous to be painting Perfectto have painted to have been painted Perfect Continuous to have been painting
formmeaningexample the Present Infinitive present or futureI hope to hear from you soon. the Present Continuous Infinitive it is happening nowShe might be sleeping now. the Perfect Infinitive it happened beforeShe claims to have taken the money. the Perfect Continuous Infinitive it has been happening till the moment She seemed to have been crying.
TO-INFINITIVE is used To express purpose She opened her purse to take out some money. After such verbs as: advise, agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, plan, promise, refuse… He agreed to return the letter. After such adjectives as: angry, happy, glad, sorry… I am happy to have talked to her. After interrogatives: where, how, what, which, who (but not why) Do you know how to get there? After would like/ would love/ would prefer Wed like to spend another week here. After nouns Its a pleasure to see you again. After phrases with too/enough Theres enough food to feed the whole army! He is too young to understand this. After it + be + adj. It was so kind of you to offer your help. After be + the first/ the second etc. /next/ last/ best etc. He was the first to open his present. Phrases as to tell you the truth, to begin with, to be honest etc. To tell you the truth, I dont trust her.
BARE INFINITIVE is used After modal verbs: must, can, will, could, should etc. You should be here by twelve. After had better, would rather Id rather play tennis. After make/ let/ see/ hear/ feel + obj. But in Passive be made/be allowed/ be heard/ be seen + to-infinitive Ill make you apologise. He was made to return to his work. After the verbs know and help both to-infinitive and bare infinitive are used, but in Passive (be known/ be helped) – only to- infinitive Could you help me (to) carry this bag? He is known to be a very wise man.