Biography Born in New England Puritan family, who lived in Massachusetts since the XVII century. Father, Edward Dickinson, was a lawyer and politician who has long served in the House of Representatives and State Senate, was a U.S. Congressman. Mother - Emily Dickinson, born Norcross. Emily was the middle of three children: a brother, William Austin (known as Arista) was a year older than her, and her sister Lavinia - three years younger. The house in Amherst, where Emily Dickinson was born, is now her memorial museum.
Attended primary school at Plezent Street in Amherst. In 1840, beginning at the same time my sister studies at Amherst Academy, which is only two years before it began to take girls. The Academy spent seven years, missing a few semesters of the disease. Studied English, Latin, literature, history, botany, geology, psychology and math.
Many of the dating started in the Academy, continued throughout the life of Emily Dickinson. She graduated from the academy in the summer of 1847, then from 10 August to 25 March 1848 she studied in the female seminary, Mount Holiouk, 16 km from Amherst. The reasons for her departure from the seminary are unknown. After seminary, returned to the family of parents in Amherst and the rest of her life lived there, rarely moving away from home for more than five miles.
The only authentic portrait of Emily Dickinson as an adult, In April 1844 a cousin, Emily, Sophia Holland, with whom she had a close relationship, died of typhoid. This has had on Emily Dickinson, a major influence, she became so melancholic that parents sent her to Boston for rehabilitation. Later it for some time been interested in religion and regularly attended church, but in 1852 stopped and not making a formal declaration of his faith.
Весной 1855 года вместе с матерью и сестрой совершила одно из самых дальних своих путешествий, проведя три недели в Вашингтоне, где её отец представлял Массачусетс в Конгрессе, а затем две недели в Филадельфии. В частности, в Филадельфии она познакомилась со священником Чарльзом Уодсуортом, который стал одним из её ближайших друзей, и, несмотря на то, что впоследствии они виделись только дважды, вплоть до своей смерти в 1882 году оказывал на неё серьёзное влияние.
Neighbors saw her eccentric, in particular, because she always wore a white dress and rarely went out to greet the guests, and later does not leave his room. Most of her friends were not familiar with it personally, but only led to her correspondence. After leaving in 1862 with a man whom she loved almost ceased to communicate with people, not counting family and closest friends.
Dickinson wrote that the idea of publishing "is alien to her as the sky - fin fish." The first book of poems «Poems by Emily Dickinson» published posthumously in 1890, and had some success. For this publication was followed by many others. Now considered one of the most important figures of American and world poetry. The most readable in the world and his country an American poet of all time.