Aims of the session To sensitize teachers to how memory works and how words and chunks of language can be consciously and effectively stored in the brain for easy retrieval and use when needed To sensitize teachers to how memory works and how words and chunks of language can be consciously and effectively stored in the brain for easy retrieval and use when needed To raise teachers awareness of the relationships between words and how they naturally co-exist with each other in chunks, not in isolation (The Lexical Approach) To raise teachers awareness of the relationships between words and how they naturally co-exist with each other in chunks, not in isolation (The Lexical Approach) To look at ways of working with, and thereby storing, language more effectively-in Lexical Notebooks and in the brain-thus enhancing memory and helping students to remember To look at ways of working with, and thereby storing, language more effectively-in Lexical Notebooks and in the brain-thus enhancing memory and helping students to remember
A Students Philosophy The_____we study, the _____we know. The_____we know, the _____we forget. The_____we forget,the _____we know. The_____we know, the______we forget. The_____we forget,the______we know. So? Why_______?
The more we study, the more we know. The more we know, the more we forget. The more we forget,the less we know. The less we know, the less we forget. The less we forget,the more we know. So? Why study? A Students Philosophy
Aphasia Im seven and Im dead bright, But words give me a fright. Words are bullies. Sneaky things.They gabble and lie. Sometimes trying to understand Them makes me cry. Words hurt. Words are all over the place. They get shoved in my face. I dont know why but Words make me cry.
I wish words were things You could hug. Or that they smelt nice. I wish they came in bottles Like fizzy-drinks, or melted Like ice-cream. But they dont. Words are mean. They bully me. Lock me away From what I want to say.
I cant even ask for help, And Im only seven (And a bit). Words spread nasty gossip. They must. Otherwise why Would people think Im thick? Words, They make me sick Inside. f rom Storm Damage by Brian Patten
Likes/Dislikes Vocabulary Chart Words/Phrases I like Words/Phrases I dont like Words/Phrases my teacher likes Words/Phrases likes
MEMORY Vocabulary How do we remember? Where does it go? How do we forget? How much do we remember? How much do we forget?
MEMORY How we forget Lists Lists Overload Overload Impersonal Impersonal Boring Boring No recycling No recycling Left-brained Left-brained Passive Passive How we remember In groups/networks In groups/networks Graphic organisers Graphic organisers Lexical Notebooks Lexical Notebooks Limited Limited Personal Personal Unusual/Funny Unusual/Funny Recycled Recycled VAKOG/Right Brained VAKOG/Right Brained Active Active
Can you remember these words Can you remember these words? Carpet Paper Bottle Bed Fish Chair Window Telephone Cigarette nail Typewriter Shoe Microphone Watermelon Television Aeroplane Swimming pool Tank Ants bag
The Lexical Approach WHAT IS LEXIS? Standard view of language Grammar (Structure) Vocabulary (Words) LEXIS Chunks combined to produce continuous coherent text
4 Basic types of chunks 1.Single words (stand alone but constitute a complete meaningful chunk of text ) e.g OPEN CLOSED CERTAINLY! GOD! HI! THANKS!
2.Fixed Expressions Many happy _______of the day.Many happy _______of the day. Happy New Year! - _____ to you.Happy New Year! - _____ to you. Get well______.Get well______. Thanks a _____.Thanks a _____. ______a shame!______a shame! ______a pity!______a pity! ______a good time!______a good time! Bless you! - _____ you!Bless you! - _____ you!
3.Semi-fixed expressions Could you pass the......, please What a ! I havent seen you for ! Have a !
4.Collocations Strong,highly likely to co-occur A strong accent, great fun, loud music Catch a bus, make a film,join a club, 4.Collocations (the lexical company a word keeps) Strong,highly likely to co-occur Adj.+ Noun A strong accent, great fun, loud music Verb+Noun Catch a bus, make a film,join a club, do a degree Happily married, incredibly easy do a degree Adverb+ Adj. Happily married, incredibly easy
Medium/preferred in writing and public speaking for more precision A magnificent house, significantly different, relatively difficult Common combinations possible & known by almost all learners a nice place, a bit tired, have dinner, really interesting
Grammatical collocations depend on, interested in P for a while,in my fifties Grammatical collocations Verb or Adj.+preposition depend on, interested in Preposition+noun for a while,in my fifties pick sth./sb up, get on with sb. Verb+particle pick sth./sb up, get on with sb. Noun + Noun & Compound Nouns Television programme, bus stop, swimming pool, supermarket, toothpaste
Remember the Green Cross Code Look left, look right, look left again....
LexicalSpidergrams Lexical Staircases Bubbles DO Spaghetti sports play Computer games surf the internet listen to music programme Reality TV soap The news Quiz Beautiful, pretty, gorgeous, very attractive
The Fishbowl mistake/error/faultesponsibility 1.It was his mistake/error/fault/responsibility that we were late. pretty/good- looking/handsome/beautiful. 2.Tom and his sister are both very pretty/good- looking/handsome/beautiful. thin/skinny/slim/obese 3.Your sister is so beautifully thin/skinny/slim/obese. largest/biggest/greatest/fattest 4.If he wins this match, he will become the largest/biggest/greatest/fattest tennis player this country has ever known. humid/warm/hot/coo 5.Come inside and get out of the snow. Its nice and humid/warm/hot/cool in here.
1.H ow many memory-enhancing techniques do you remember? 2.W hich techniques would you use? TASK TASK