Contents 1.Verb/noun/adjective phrase + -ing form Verb/noun/adjective phrase + -ing formVerb/noun/adjective phrase + -ing form 2.Verb/noun/adjective phrase + full infinitive Verb/noun/adjective phrase + full infinitiveVerb/noun/adjective phrase + full infinitive 3.Watch out! (1) Watch out! (1)Watch out! (1) 4.Watch out! (2) Watch out! (2)Watch out! (2) 5.Ex. I, Ex. II Ex. IEx. IIEx. IEx. II 6.Verb + bare infinitive Verb + bare infinitiveVerb + bare infinitive 7.Watch out! (3) Watch out! (3)Watch out! (3) 8.Ex. III Ex. IIIEx. III 9.Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form with a little or no change in meaning Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form with a little or no change in meaningVerb + full infinitive or –ing-form with a little or no change in meaning 11. Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form witha change in meaning Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form witha change in meaningVerb + full infinitive or –ing-form witha change in meaning 12. Ex. IV Ex. IVEx. IV
Verb/noun/adjective phrase + -ing form Some verb, noun and adjective phrases Some verb, noun and adjective phrases are usually followed by –ing form the –ing form. These include: admitescapemind appreciatefacemiss avoidfancypostpone cant helpfeel likepractise delayfinishput off denygive upresist detestinvolverisk discusskeep (on)suggest dislikementionunderstand enjoy
verbs, nouns and adjectives by an object before the – ing form.Some of the verbs, nouns and adjectives in the list above can also be followed by an object before the – ing form. Ex. I cant stand people cheating in exams. a verb after a prepositionalmost always use an – ing form. When we put a verb after a preposition, we almost always use an – ing form. Ex. Im interested in hearing more about that course. Watch out!
Verb/noun/adjective phrase + full infinitive Some verb, noun and adjective phrases Some verb, noun and adjective phrases are usually full infinitive followed by the full infinitive. These include: ableencourageprepare affordexpectpretend agreefailpromise appearhappenrefuse arrangehelpseem askhopetend attemptmanagewant begofferwish chooseplanwould like decidepleased
verbs, nouns and adjectives by an object before the full infinitive.Some of the verbs, nouns and adjectives in the list above can also be followed by an object before the full infinitive. Ex. I didnt want to take the exam. My mum didnt want me to take the exam. My mum didnt want me to take the exam. Watch out!
Ex.I Circle the correct word or phrase. going / to go 1.I really dont feel like going / to go out tonight. Do you? failing /to fail 2.Everyone expected his business failing /to fail within the first few month. doing /to do 3.What would you like doing /to do this evening? turning /to turn 4.We discussed turning /to turn the attic into a spare bedroom with the architect. speaking /to speak 5.She wasnt able speaking /to speak very clearly after her accident. moving /to move 6.Do you mind moving /to move your car, please? Youre blocking the road. making / to make 7.Theyre going to postpone making / to make a decision until next month. getting / to get 8.Are you planning of getting / to get a new DVD player? getting / to get 9.Are you thinking of getting / to get a Play Station? telling / to tell 10.Im very pleased telling / to tell you that youve passed! putting / to put 11.Sarahs offered putting / to put us up for this weekend! going / to go 12.Im really looking forward to going / to go on the cruise.
Ex. IIing formfull infinitive Ex. II Complete using the correct form (-ing form or full infinitive) of the verb in brackets. You may need to use the passive voice. 1.Ill never forgive June for (lie) to me like that. 2.Ivans not very good at (make) friends. 3.I cant resist (buy) things when theyre in the sales. 4.Weve got to encourage students (study), not blame them for not studying. 5.I dont know how you managed (persuade) the bank manager to lend you so much money! 6.Does Jessica dislike (walk) so much that shes not going to come with us? 7.Do you deny (steal) the money? Yes or no? 8.The kids were pretending (be) asleep, but they didnt fool me for a second. 9.I refuse ( accept) that theres no alternative. 10.No one understands how Jill can afford (go) on so many holidays. 11.He only just escaped (send) to prison. 12.He expected (give) a brand new computer for Christmas, but all he got was a second-hand watch! lying making buying to study to persuade walking stealing to be to accept to go being sent to be given
Verb + bare infinitive Some verbs can be Some verbs can be followed by an object + the bare infinitive These include: feel-let-notice-watch- hear-make-see-
verbs feel, hear, notice, see and watch by the –ing form.The verbs feel, hear, notice, see and watch can also be followed by the –ing form. We often use the bare infinitive for a completed action (from start to finish). We often use the bare infinitive for a completed action (from start to finish). We often use the –ing form for an action in progress at the time. We often use the –ing form for an action in progress at the time. Ex. I heard Miss Jenkins tell Julie not to do that. (= I heard all of it.) Ex. I heard Miss Jenkins tell Julie not to do that. (= I heard all of it.) I heard Miss Jenkins telling Julie not to do that. (= I heard part of it.) I heard Miss Jenkins telling Julie not to do that. (= I heard part of it.) passivehear, makeseethe full infinitive.In the passive, hear, make and see are followed by the full infinitive. Ex. Active: The teacher made me stand in the corner. Passive: I was made to stand in the corner (by the teacher). Passive: I was made to stand in the corner (by the teacher). Watch out!
Ex. IIIing form, bare infinitive full infinitive Ex. III Complete using the correct form (-ing form, bare infinitive or full infinitive) of the verb in the box. Use each verb only once. achieve; be; behave; come; do; hope; improve; learn; listen; make; play; sit down; take; tell; try; use; work Report: William Watson William Watson sometimes seems to be afraid of hard. He cant help to avoid anything that involves his brain, particulary on Friday afternoons. He seems to detest life seriously, and pretends he isnt capable of anything of worth. This is unfortunate as, with a little more effort, William could succeed in great progress. However, at present he frequently just wants the fool. He enjoys jokes. Presumably, he imagines this the best way to make friends, but in fact he often just ends up preventing the other students from. He has promised on several occasions his behaviour in class, but then he just keeps on in exactly the same way. Recently, I have had to beg him and be quiet in the classroom, but its difficult to know how to make him to his senses. He just doesnt seem interested in to my opinion. Im tempted to give up even that he might improve. Having said that though, Mr Watson is an extremely good maths teacher! Julie Cross-5A workingtrying doing taking using achieving making to play telling to be learning to improve behaving to sit down come listeninghoping
Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form with a little or no change in meaning Some verbs can be Some verbs can be followed by the full infinitive or the –ing form with a little or no change in meaning. to do We continued to do experiments in the lab all afternoon. doing We continued doing experiments in the lab all afternoon. These include: begincontinueintendprefer cant bear/stand hatelovestart
Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form with a change in meaning Some verbs can be the full infinitive Some verbs can be followed by the full infinitive or the –ing form the –ing form. The choice depends on the meaning. rememberhitting I remember teachers at my school hitting children when they were naughty! Didrememberto do Did you remember to do your homework?. These include: considerimaginemeanstop forgetlearnregretteach go onlikeremembertry
Ex. IVsecond using the word given a similar meaning twofive Ex. IV Complete each second sentence using the word given, so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Write between two and five words in each gap. 1.I should have taken my medicine this morning, but I didnt remember. I my medicine this morning. 2.Ill always remember the time when I went up Mont Blanc. Ill Mont Blanc. 3.I must hang up the washing later. I up the washing later. 4.Darren thinks that wearing a suit to work is appropriate. Darren a suit to work. 5.Jackie wishes she hadnt said that to Allie. Jackie that to Allie. 6.Im sorry, but your credit card has been cancelled by the bank. I your credit card has been cancelled by the bank. forgot forgot to take never forget going up never remember regrets saying/ having said likes likes to wear regrets must remember to hang regret to tell/inform you regret
В презентации использованы: Учебное пособие для подготовки к ЕГЭ по английскому языку: Грамматика и лексика Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia. Grammar and Vocabulary. Авторы: Malcolm Mann Steve Taylore-Knowles Консультант: Елена Клековкина Издательство Macmillan, Oxford, 2006