for PEOPLEWho / that for THINGSWhich / that for PLACESWhere for OWNERSWhose for REASONS Why for TIMES When
For example: I work in this shop. Its called PINK Shop. The shop where I work is called PINK Shop
For example: -A waiter is a person who serves drinks. -A pub is a place where you can have a drink
They give you the information you need to understand the sentence. There are no commas. DONT OMIT the clause when its a SUBJECT CLAUSE Examples: -Thats the girl who invited me. Thats the place where I work. OMIT the clause when its an OBJECT Examples: -I bought a car. Its a Ford. -The car (that) I bought is a Ford.
They give extra information. You dont need them to understand the sentence they are written between commas. If you take out the relative clause, the sentence still makes sense. Example: Mary, who is French, is a nice girl. Mary is a nice girl.
EXERCISE 1 Fill the gaps with relative clauses. 1.This is the bank ___________ was robbed yesterday. 2.A boy __________sister is in my class was in the bank at that time. 3.The man __________robbed the bank had two guns. 4.He wore a green cap____________ made him look like Peter Pan. 5.He came with a friend___________ waited outside in the car. 6.The woman ____________gave him the money was quite old. 7.The bag __________ contained the money was pink. 8.The people ___________were in the bank were very frightened. 9.The man ___________mobile was ringing did not know what to do. 10.The woman ____________ daughter was crying tried to calm her. 11.The car __________the bank robbers escaped in was orange. 12.The robber___________ mask was obviously too big didn't drive. 13.The man____________ drove the car was nervous. 14.He didn't wait at the traffic lights ________were red. 15.A police officer______ car was parked at the corner stopped and arrested them. 16.The girl _________ parents were in the bank is my neighbor. WHICH WHOSE WHO WHICH WHO WHICH WHO WHOSE WHICH WHOSE WHO WHICH WHOSE