Презентация на тему: " Education in Great Britain Prepare: Maria Semenyuk Tatiana Khlopina Svetlana Anisimova." — Транскрипт:
Education in Great Britain Prepare: Maria Semenyuk Tatiana Khlopina Svetlana Anisimova
Contents 1. Education in Great Britain 2. Private school 3. State school 4. Primary school 5. Secondary school 6. Where do British children go after school? 7. The 6 th form 8. Comparison between British and Russian schools
Education in Great Britain Education in Britain is compulsory and free for all children between the ages of Students never repeat a year in British system, but they may be sent to a vocation school. British school consists of primary and secondary schools. British schools can be divided into 2 groups: state and private. About 93 percent of all children are educated in state schools and the rest attend private schools.
Education in Great Britain Reception class Year 1 infant school Year 2 Year 3 junior school Primary School Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Secondary School Year 10 Year 11
Private school There are 3 levels of private schools: primary schools (age four to eight), preparatory schools (age eight to thirteen) and public school. At the age of 13 children take an examination. If they pass it, they go to public school, where they usually remain until they are 18. Many preparatory and most public schools are boarding schools; the children live at school during the school terms. But though these schools are called public, they are, in fact, private and it can be very expensive to send a child to such a school.
Private school The most famous public schools have a long history and tradition. It is often necessary to put a child's name on a waiting list at birth to be sure he or she gets a place. Children of wealthy or aristocratic families often go to the same public school as their parents and their grandparents. Traditionally, public schools were always single-sex schools but now many of them are becoming co-educational, both boys and girls attend the school.
State school Pupils in all State schools in England study main subjects: English, Mathematics, and Science. History, Geography, A Modern language, Art, Music, Information Technology, Physical education, Religious education is also taught. Attainment tests are given at the ages of 7, 11, 14, and 16. At the end of a 5-year course, at the age of 16, students sit the General Certificate of Secondary Education exams in as many subjects as possible. Weak students may sit for only three or four subjects. Better students take ten.
Primary School English children must go to school when they are five. First they go to infant schools, where they learn the first steps in reading, writing and using numbers. When children leave the infant school, at the age of seven, they go to junior schools until they are about eleven years of age. Their school subjects are English, arithmetic, history, geography, nature study, swimming, music, art, religious instruction and organized games.
Secondary School When students transfer to Secondary school at the age of 11, they don't take any examination, but their reports are sent on from Primary school. Most children - over 80 % - go to a comprehensive school. "Comprehensive" means all-inclusive. They admit pupils of all abilities. But there are also grammar schools and secondary modern schools. The pupils have to pass an exam to go there; so admission depends on the result of the selective exams and the pupils abilities
Where do British children do after school? At the age of 16 about two third of these pupils leave school and get jobs or go to the college of further education. About one-third of pupils stay at school until the age of 18 preparing themselves for higher education.
The 6th form More ambitious pupils continue to study in the 6th form. They stay on at school for two years to prepare themselves for university. They have only three or four main subjects which are necessary to pass the advanced level exams at the age of 18. In addition the 6th form offers many other courses such as classical Civilization, Further Mathematics, Information Technology, History of Art, Social Biology and many others. At the age 18 pupils sit for exam which is called Advanced Level. Pupils, who pass this exam, can enter the university.
Comparison between British and Russian schools The systems of education in Britain and in Russia are rather same. What is more in Britain and in Russia there are some private schools. Besides in Russia there are primary and secondary education as in Britain. On the other hand in Russia pupils start go to school at 7. But in Britain they go at 5. What is more these systems have different steps. In Russia pupils finish primary school at 9 or 10, but british schoolchildren – at 11.