Natalia Lemeshko Mikhail Nikolaev Tatiana Gronskaya WP 2 - planned activities Identifying of most vulnerable regional issues through climate change 1. - презентация
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Natalia Lemeshko Mikhail Nikolaev Tatiana Gronskaya WP 2 - planned activities Identifying of most vulnerable regional issues through climate change 1. National meetings in Russia with the established network members 2. Participation in national Conferences concerning ADAGIO issues. Seminar of agricultural decision- makers of Leningrad region - October 2007 Workshop in the frame of National School for Young Researchers/Practical Experts on Precession Agriculture Sept.2007 Workshop Water resources as a factor of sustainable development in agriculture Presentations occasionally (schools, farmer organizations)Presentations occasionally (schools, farmer organizations) First Regional meeting in BulgariaFirst Regional meeting in Bulgaria
Climate warming is also associated with weather and hydrological extremes. Recent scientific studies indicate that the water-related hazards make up 69% of ecological disasters (Hydrometeorological disaster…, 2004). Among these disasters, the main part is connected with droughts (52%) and 11% with floods. The analysis of information on extreme events over ER from official publications makes it possible to conclude that the number of those, influencing agriculture, has increased almost twice from 1999 to The largest economic losses are from floods (about 41,6 bln rubls). About 7 mln sq. km agricultural lands are subjected to floods. (Taratunin, 2000)
3. Analysis of crop damages by weather extremes (drought, flooding, frosts, high air temperatures, hail) during the past years over European Russia in comparison with a frequencyсy of their appearance before The LIST of climate induced hazards has been started: In summer 1999 the severe droughts lead to drying of the upper soil layer. The storage of the productive moisture was 5-10 mm. Conditions for the harvest forming especially of maize, potato, and vegetables were extremely unfavourable. The returning frosts on soil (-2C) stopped vegetation of plants in the Volga-Vyatka and Central regions in April 1999, as the result the planted cabbage died, flowers and leafs of berries were damaged. The returning frosts lead to damage of vegetable and fruit-berry cultures in May 2000 in the Rostov and Stavropol regions, die of spring crops (20,000 ha) in the Volgograd region and its damage in the Rostov region – thousand ha. In July 2000 the high air temperatures (40 C) and dry winds lead to the damage and drying of agricultures in the Saratov, Samara, Astrakhan and Ulyanovsk regions, the republics of Tatarstan and Bashkortostan. In July 2000 the flood on the river Kuban was the reason of flooding agricultural fields and pastures. In May 2005 the hail damaged crops in the area of 100 thousand ha (including 3 thousand ha of gardens and vineyards) in the Stavropol region. In June 2001 the storm rains caused mass flattening of cereals in Tatarstan, the crops in the area of 5,000 ha were washed off. In the same month the hail damaged cultures in the area of 49,000 ha in the Krasnodar region. In May 2004 the return of frosts in ER resulted in dieing of about 961 ha of maize crops in the Belgorod region, damaging of vegetable seedlings, flowers of strawberries and shoots of potato in the Privolga region. In June 2004 the hail damaged crops in the area of га (13,535 thousand rubles) in Mordovia. The frosts were the reason of damage of heat-loving cultures over the area of ER In October 2004 the frosts at the soil surface were the reason of damage of heat-loving cultures in the Privolzhsky region. The winter crops were washed off from the area of 500 ha in the Zelenokumsk region. In April 2005 the hail damaged crops in the area of 837 ha and 14 ha gardens, and, partly damaged crops in the area of 1051 ha in the Northern Osetya In June 2005 the storm rains and hail damaged crops. The losses were equal to 25 mln 862 thousand rubles. In July 2005 crops were damaged by the same reason on the area of 6,428 ha in the Southern Federal District, Bashkortostan, and the Orenburg region.. In August 2005 the hail lead to the damage of gardens and vegetables on the area of 10 sq.km in the Volgograd region. The storm rains damaged crops on the area of 250 ha. In June 2005 the hail damaged crops on the area of ha in the Stavropol region.
4. Analyses of Questionnaires developed and desseminated between farmers and experts in order to evaluate main problems induced by climate change and other factors in different climatic zones To analyze some social and economic issues (for South and North-West of European Russia as a case study, in the frame of irrigation/melioration demands with climate change and new water use rules).
Assessment a role of supplementary factors (economy, demography, lack of professionals, fertilizers, pesticids, machinary; anthropogenic impact to environment and so on) in current problems of farming on the background of climatically induced agricultural risks in the North-Western and Southern parts of the European Russia We plane to design a map of unfavorable agroclimatic and soil changes, which would help to reveal the areas where drainage/irrigation, as well as some other measures, would be necessary, and to determine the order of priority of taking these measures.