THE OFFICIAL NAME is the official name of the British Kingdom. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the UK)
The UK includes the island of Great Britain, the island of Great Britain, the northeast part of the island of Ireland the northeast part of the island of Ireland and many small islands and many small islands ISLANDS
Also it is a political union of four countries England England Scotland Scotland Wales Wales Northern Ireland Northern Ireland THE POLITICAL UNION Edinburgh Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast. The UK
The different parts of Britain have their own emblems. The red rose is the national emblem of England. The red rose is the national emblem of England. The thistle is the national emblem of Scotland. The thistle is the national emblem of Scotland. The daffodil and the leek are the emblems of Wales. The daffodil and the leek are the emblems of Wales. And the shamrock is the national emblem of Ireland. And the shamrock is the national emblem of Ireland. THE NATIONAL EMBLEMS the daffodil, the leek the shamrock the rose the thistle
The UK is surrounded by and. The UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea. The largest island Great Britain is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel. The largest island Great Britain is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel. THE OCEANS AND SEAS The Channel Tunnel
Geographically, the island of Great Britain is subdivided into two main regions – and. Geographically, the island of Great Britain is subdivided into two main regions – Lowland Britain and Highland Britain. The mountains are not very high. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis (1343 m). It is situated in Scotland. The mountains are not very high. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis (1343 m). It is situated in Scotland. TWO MAIN REGIONS
There are in Great Britain, but they are not very long. There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. is the longest river, while is the deepest and the most important one. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important one. Great Britain has. Great Britain has many beautiful lakes. The best known of them is,. The best known of them is Loch Ness, legendary home of famous monster. THE RIVERS AND LAKES The River Severn viewed from Shrewsbury Castle in Shropshire 354 km 346 km The River Thames in London the longest the deepest
The flag of the United Kingdom. The flag of the United Kingdom is known as the Union Jack. It is made up of three crosses: of England, St. Georges cross of England, of Scotland St. Andrews cross of Scotland of Ireland. St. Patricks cross of Ireland. THE FLAG the Union Jack St. Georges cross of England St. Andrews cross of Scotland St. Andrews cross of Scotland
POLITICAL SYSTEM Great Britain is. Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy. The head of the state is a king or a queen. The head of the state is a king or a queen. But as the saying goes, because executive power is exercised by, which is a body of ministers. But as the saying goes, the sovereign reigns but does not rule, because executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, which is a body of ministers. The current Prime Minister of the UK is James Gordon Brown. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II is the monarch of Great Britain.
THE CLIMATE Does it often rain in the UK? The climate of Great Britain is more or less the same as that of the north-western part of European mainland. The popular belief that it rains all the time in Britain is simply not true. In fact, London gets no more rain in a year than most other European cities. The amount of rain that falls on a town in Britain depends on where it is. west Generally speaking, the further west you go, the more rain you get.
THE CLIMATE The climate of Great Britain is mild due to the influence of the Gulf Stream. That means that it is never too hot or too cold. Snow is a regular feature of the higher areas only. Occasionally, in lower-lying parts winter can be without snow at all. the Gulf Stream
THE TEMPERATURE Usually the temperature is between 5C below zero and 23C above zero. The direst period is from March to June and the wettest months are from October to January. It seldom snows heavily in winter, frost is rare. January and February are usually the coldest months, July and August are the warmest ones. the wettest period from March to Junethe driest period from October to January - 5 C + 23 C between below zero and above zero
THE THREE MAIN FEATURES OF THE BRITISH CLIMATE The bad reputation of Britains climate is due to its changeability. There is a saying that But English weather is never the same two days running. But English weather is never the same two days running. One day it rains, the next day it may be sunny and then it may be cold again. One day it rains, the next day it may be sunny and then it may be cold again. So, we may say that the British climate has three main features: it is mild, humid and changeable. So, we may say that the British climate has three main features: it is mild, humid and changeable. Britain doesnt have a climate, it only has weather 1. mild2. humid3. changeable
TALKING ABOUT THE WEATHER The British are always talking about the weather. The weather is a convenient topic with which to fill the gap. On the one hand, it would be rude to ask strangers personal questions. On the other hand, silence would also be rude. Dreadful weather, isnt it?
A BRITISH NATION A nation is born from its land, its history, its art, its traditions and its institutions. We can say there is a British nation. One of the most characteristic features of Englishmen is their traditions, which they respect, and which they have kept for centuries. The traditions dont only accumulate the experience and wisdom of many generations, but they bring some stability into the rapidly changing world.