Origins öHalloween began two thousand years ago in Ireland, England, and Northern France with the ancient religion of the Celts (Paganism).
They celebrated their New Year on November 1 st. öThis day marked the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death.
Samhain (sow-in) öOn the night of October 31, they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth.
Costumes öPeople thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes…
So they wore costumes. öThis way, the ghosts couldnt recognize them!
The Christian Influence ö As the influence of Christianity spread into Celtic lands, in the 7 th century, Pope Boniface IV introduced All Saints' Day, a time to honor saints and martyrs, to replace the Pagan festival of Samhain. It was observed on May 13 th.
A change of date öIn 834, Pope Gregory III moved All Saint's Day from May 13 th to Nov. 1 st. Oct. 31 st thus became All Hallows' Eve ('hallow' means 'saint').
All Souls Day November 2 nd, called All Souls Day, is the day set apart in the Roman Catholic Church for the commemoration of the dead.
Trick-or-treating began with the poor in the 15 th century… öDuring the All Souls Day festival in England, poor people would beg for soul cakes, made out of square pieces of bread with currants öFamilies would give soul cakes in return for a promise to pray for the familys relatives
then children… öThe practice, which was referred to as "going a-souling" was eventually taken up by children who would visit the houses in their neighborhood and be given ale, food, and money.
Today: öChildren still go from house-to-house, but instead of ale, food, and money, they get candy.
With Irish Immigration… öIn 1848, millions of Irish emigrants poured into America as a result of the potato famine. They brought with them their traditions of Halloween.
Halloween came to America. öThey called Halloween Oidche Shamhna (`Night of Samhain'), as their ancestors had, and kept the traditional observances.
The Jack-O-Lantern öThe Irish used to carry turnips with candles in them to light their way at night and to scare away ghosts..
When they arrived in America they found that pumpkins were both plentiful and easier to carve than turnips.
Now, Jack-O-Lanterns are used for decorating peoples homes.
People have recently started carving less traditional Jack-O-Lanterns
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