- It takes up one third of the territory of the British Isles. -Northern part of the island of Great Britain, not far away from Arctic Circle - Population is a little bit over 5 million people - The boundary between England and Scotland is marked by The Cheviot Hills
- the Highlands comprises the north western 60% of Scotland. - The area is generally sparsely populated - are among the oldest mountains in the world (Ben Nevis, 1,343 m) - Aberdeen, the oil centre of Scotland - many valleys between the hills are filled with lakes, called lochs (Loch Ness)
-Most population of Scotland is here - Scotlands biggest city – Glasgow - Industrial city and important port. Shipbuilding, iron, heavy and light engineering.
-The Southern Uplands are a range of hills almost 200 kilometres (125 miles) long, interspersed with broad valleys. - The Southern Uplands includes among others the cross border Cheviot Hills shared with the Pennines that form the "backbone of England".