Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy The Head of the State is Elizabeth II, but she doesnt rule, she has no power
Elizabeth II She is the symbol of the country, its history and its tradition
Elizabeth II She is very rich and travels a lot. Her residence in London is Buckingham Palace
The Commonwealth At the beginning of the XX century Britain was a powerful Empire and had a lot of colonies. Later they became independent, but in 1949 they founded the Commonwealth, which includes 50 states: Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Barbados, Kenya, Nigeria, Singapore, New Zealand, the UK, Cyprus and others.
Power in Great Britain is divided among three branches: the legislative (законодательная) branch, the executive (исполнительная) branch and the judicial (судебная) branch. The legislative branch is represented by Parliament.
The British Parliament has the real power. It has two houses: The House of CommonsThe House of Lords
The House of Commons Makes the laws Consists of Members of Parliament (MPs) Elected every 5 years made up of 659 elected members It is presided (руководить) over by the Speaker
The House of Lords Isnt elected (hereditary (переходить по наследству) peers, Bishops) Discuss the laws and change them
British Parliamentary system depends on political parties The Conservative (the Tory)The Labour Party
The Liberal Party (the whigs) The party which wins the majority of seats forms the Government and its leader usually becomes Prime Minister. He chooses 20 MPs to become the Cabinet of Ministers.
Now the Prime Minister is David Cameron the leader of the Conservative Party