History of the City of Los Angeles dates back to the moment when the decision of the governor of California in 1781 on the site of a small settlement of Indians Tongwa, near the location of the mission of Spanish colonists who founded the village - The village of St. Mary. In the future, a long name the village was reduced to Los Angeles. In memory of the Queen of Angels a modern city is often called the City of Angels. According to recent data, in Los Angeles, home to over 4.5 million people, of whom 50 per cent - the representatives of the European race. All Los Angeles is inhabited by about 140 nationalities. It came from many different countries, speaking 225 languages. The city is constantly attracting tourists. And most importantly, forcing thousands of people come here, this is the world-famous area of Los Angeles, Hollywood! Hollywood - it's almost a separate city, or even the whole world within the city. In this city there are several major record companies such as Warner Music Group. Los Angeles is the center of mass-media America. City Newspaper Los Angeles The Los Angeles Times is one of the most influential publications of America.
Geographic Location Los Angeles - a major metropolis - is located on the West Coast. Located above the sea level by several meters because of the hilly terrain. On one side of Los Angeles - endless beaches, on the other - the most beautiful mountains and desert, which stretches far to the north. Megacity is on the river of the same name Los Angeles. Area is 1215 sq.. km. Los Angeles very much (71 km) long from north to south, and about one and a half times less than from west to east. The boundaries of the city are within 550 km.
Climate Los Angeles is located in the subtropical climate zone. So the weather in different comparatively warm winter months and dry summer. Because of the frequent and strong winds, forest fires occur. In February, the largest number of drops of rain. Snow - a rarity for the townspeople, but got into mountain areas of the region, you can wholly enjoy skiing and snowboarding. Due to its unique climatic features, you can swim in the ocean, and then with the passion to conquer the snowy slopes and all this in one day! The average summer temperature ranges from 17 ° to 24 °, and sometimes surpasses the 32 ° C. Thermometer in January falls +9 ° and the maximum rises to +19 °. Since Los Angeles is located at the foot of the mountains, then on the right is a seismically dangerous areas. Often the event of an earthquake here, and sometimes floods.
History The first mention of a land settlement, which is now located Los Angeles, are 6 thousand BC: while Indian tribes lived here Gabriel and Chumash. In 1542 on the coast first set foot on the white man. They became the navigator HR Cabrillo of Portugal. Name settlement "Los Angeles" came about in In 1850, April 4, Los Angeles officially became a city. As the administrative center of the County of Los Angeles, he joined the State of California. In the 1890's in Southern California discovered oil fields. This discovery contributed to the further development of Los Angeles. By the beginning of the next century, the city's population has increased dramatically. For comparison: in 1860 in Los Angeles, home to people, then in 1900 they began already people. Especially the city began to grow rapidly in the twenties of last century. The population of Los Angeles in that period was more than 1 million people. A World War II was a push to expand production for the war - aviation and shipbuilding. Today, Los Angeles - a major industrial, financial, commercial and cultural center of the Western United States. It is the second largest metropolis of the country.
Population The population of Los Angeles today is people. In this great international city living descendants of more than 140 different countries who speak 92 languages. According to data from 1990, Los Angeles - First City, where none of the inherent therein ethnic groups is not an absolute majority of the population. Half the population is white and the other half in the percentage share other races.
Religion Los Angeles - a huge metropolis. Live here, millions of people of different religions. Among the varieties of religion can be identified major religions - is Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism. Quite a great influence has the latest Saints Church of Jesus Christ. Furthermore, in Los Angeles can be found Scientologists, as well as followers of the mystical religions. Do not forget about the evangelical televangelist - here they are quite popular.
Culture and entertainment "The capital of entertainment" is often called the Los Angeles its residents and visitors. Presently, there are tens of thousands of entertainment facilities, restaurants, cafes, bars, etc., on the variety of which could not postpone its imprint diverse ethnic composition metropolis. The main nightlife pleasures are concentrated in the center of the city, in areas of Silver Lake, Hollywood, West Hollywood (the famous street of clubs and bars of the Sunset Strip). In the daytime, citizens and tourists waiting for the world- famous theme park Disneyland (in a neighboring town - Anaheim), and Universal Studios Hollywood, as well as the most famous ocean beaches in Santa Monica and Malibu. Los Angeles has the glory of the world's center of retail trade. Among the busiest shopping streets: Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills, Voerde Street-promenade and Montana Avenue in Santa Monica, Old Town in Pasadena, Hollywood and other Los Angeles is also one of the world capitals of fashion business, glamor and luxury, which found its echo in numerous films and other artistic works.
Movies and Music The most famous "calling card" of the city in terms of art is, of course, the production of films and television programs. Los Angeles is a place of residence of a variety of popular movie stars. In addition to some "Hollywood" studios, in a series of movies based agencies, including the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts, American Film Institute, etc. A number of film festivals, including the Los Angeles Film Festival for independent film. Back in the 1960's Sunset Boulevard Strip was the launching pad for such bands as The Byrds, Buffalo Springfield, The Doors; in these same territories started his career in The Beach Boys. In the 90 years of XX century, Los Angeles gave the rest of the world a galaxy of well-known bands, including Korn, Beck, Sublime, Rage Against the Machine, Linkin Park (from Santa Monica), System of a Down, etc. The significant contribution of the city orally and in hip-hop scene of the U.S., electronic music and other styles. Within the city are numerous recording studios, record label owned by many (including Warner Music Group, Capitol Records, many independent record labels and others).
Attractions Hollywood (born Hollywood) and its film studios, many of which are organized exhibitions devoted to movies, Hollywood Boulevard (at its sidewalks in 1960 knocked out the stars with the names of famous movie stars and television personalities, recordings and theater - "Hollywood Walk of Fame"). Wilshire Boulevard (born Wilshire Boulevard), stretches for 24 kilometers from downtown to the ocean, and its central part, known as the "Miracle Mile", filled with restaurants, nightclubs, etc.
Attractions Chinatown - a small corner of the East in the center of the city. U.S. Bank Tower - a skyscraper height of 310 m, one of the tallest buildings in the world, the tallest building in the United States west of Chicago.
Attractions "Watts Towers" - three towers standing at 30, 29 and 16 m, constructed of materials using broken tiles, dishes, bottles, and seashells. Griffith Observatory Planetarium in on the territory of the same name of the park (the largest urban park USA).