Мы предполагаем, что вам понравилась эта презентация. Чтобы скачать ее, порекомендуйте, пожалуйста, эту презентацию своим друзьям в любой соц. сети. Кнопочки находятся чуть ниже. Спасибо.
Идет загрузка презентации. Пожалуйста, подождите
Презентация была опубликована
Verilog - Behavioral Modeling - Ando KI Spring 2009
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 2 ) Contents Verilog behavioral model Behavioral control constructs Procedural assignments Types of procedural assignments Procedural assignment 'if-else' statement 'case' statement Looping statements: forever, repeat, while, for Procedural timing control Delay control Implicit event Named event Level-sensitive event control Intra-assignment delay/event Block statement Sequential and parallel block State machine FSM example
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 3 ) Levels of abstraction Structural levels Switch level Referring to the ability to describe the circuit as a netlist of transistor switches. Gate level Referring to the ability to describe the circuit as a netlist of primitive logic gates and functions. Functional levels Register transfer level Referring to the ability to describe the circuit as data assignment. Behavioral level Referring to the ability to describe the behavior of circuit using abstract constructs such as loops and processes. reg Combinati onal logic block
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 4 ) Verilog behavioral model Verilog behavioral models contain procedural statements. The procedural statements control the simulation and manipulate variables of the data types. The procedural statements are contained within procedures. Each procedure starts a separate activity flow. All of the activity flows are concurrent. There are two types of procedures. initial construct Starts at simulation time 0. Executes once. always construct Starts at simulation time 0. Execute repetitively.
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 5 ) Behavioral control constructs initial block One-time sequential activity flow from simulation start. Initial blocks start execution at simulation time zero and finish when their last statement executes. always block Cyclic (repetitive) sequential activity flow Always blocks start execution at simulation time zero and continue until simulation finishes. initial begin … end always begin … end always begin … end initial statement; always statement; initial begin … end
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 6 ) Procedural assignments The assignment is the basic mechanism for placing values into nets and variables. The procedural assignment It assigns values to variables. It occurs within procedures, such as always, initial, task, and function. Refer to the continuous assignment It assigns values to nets. It occurs whenever the value of the right- hand side changes. Assignment typeLeft-hand side (LHS) ContinuousNet (wire) ProcedureVariable (reg, integer, or time variable) wire [3:0] w; reg [3:0] a, b, c, d; initial a = 4h4; (c) b = c; (w) d = w; wire wire_tmp1; assign wire_tmp1 = my_value; wire wire_tmp2 = my_value;
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 7 ) Types of procedural assignments Blocking procedural assignment Shall be executed before the execution of the statements that follow it in a sequential block. Note that parallel block is made of fork/join. Note that sequential block is called begin/end block. Non-blocking procedural assignment Allows assignment scheduling without blocking the procedural flow. Can be used whenever several variable assignments within the same time step. variable = expression; variable <= expression;
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 8 ) module top; reg a, b, c; initial begin a = 0; b = 1; c = 0; end always c = #5 ~c; (posedge c) begin a <= b; b <= a; end endmodule module top; reg a, b, c, d, e, f; initial begin a = #10 1; b = #5 0; c = #15 1; end initial begin d <= #10 1; e <= #5 0; f <= #15 1; end endmodule Procedural assignment (1/3) a and b swap their value at every rising edge of c. Note that what are different with blocking and non- blocking assignments. #delay b = statement; // the execution (assignment) is delayed by delay time units. a = #delay statement; // the statement is evaluated, but the result // is updated to a after delay time units.
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 9 ) module top; reg a, b; initial begin a = 0; b = 1; a <= b; b <= a; #10 $finish; end endmodule module top; reg a; initial a = 1; initial a <= #4 0; initial a <= #4 1; endmodule Procedural assignment (2/3) The result: a = 1; b = 0; module top; reg a; initial a = 1; initial begin a <= #5 0; a <= #5 1; end endmodule a will be 1. It is determinate. The result is indeterminate, since several parallel block runs concurrently. module top; reg a; initial #20 a <= #10 1; initial #15 a <= #5 0; endmodule The result is determinate, since two parallel blocks update a in different time slot.
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 10 ) `timescale 1ns/1ns module top; reg a; reg [3:0] b; reg [3:0] i, j; initial begin for (i=0; i<=5; i=i+1) a <= # (i*10) i; for (j=0; j<=5; j=j+1) # (j*10) b <= j; end initial begin $dumpfile("wave.vcd"); $dumpvars(1); #1000 $finish; end endmodule Procedural assignment (3/3) codes/verilog/behavioral/block_non a <= #0 0; a <= #10 1; a <= #20 0; a <= #30 1; a <= #40 0; a <= #50 1; #0 a <= 0; #10 a <= 1; #20 a <= 2; #30 a <= 3; #40 a <= 4; #50 a <= 5;
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 11 ) if-else statement The if-else statement is used to make a decision as to whether a statement is executed or not. The evaluation of expression will be true when the result is non-zero known value. Otherwise, false when the result is 0, x, or Z. if (expression) statement; // the statement is executed, // when the express is true. if (expression) statementA; else statementB; if (expressionA) statementA; else if (expressionB) statementB; else statementC; (sel or a or b or c or d) if (sel == 2b00) out = a; else if (sel == 2b01) out = b; else if (sel == 2b10) out = d; else out = d;
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 12 ) case statement case statement is a multiway decision statement that tests whether an expression matches one of a number of other expressions and branches accordingly. default statement shall be optional. Use of multiple default statements in one case statement shall be illegal. (sel or a or b or c or d) case (sel) 2b00: out = a; 2b01: out = b; 2b10: out = c; default: out = d; endcase If one of the case item matches the case expression given in parentheses, then the statement associated with that case item shall be executed. If all comparison fail and the default item is given, then the default item statement shall be executed. If the default is not given, then none is executed.
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 13 ) Looping statements (1/2) forever Continuously executes a statement repeat Executes a statement a fixed number of times. If the expression evaluates to unknown or high impedance, it shall be treated as zero. while Executes a statement until an expression becomes false. for If the condition results in zero, the for loop shall exit. forever statement; repeat (expression) statement; while (expression) statement; for (initial; condition; step) statement;
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 14 ) parameter size=8, longsize=16; reg [size:1] opa, opb; reg [longsize:1] result; begin : mult reg [longsize:1] shift_opa, shift_opb; shift_opa = opa; shift_opb = opb; result = 0; repeat (size) begin if (shift_opb) result = result + shift_opa; shift_opa = shift_opa << 1; shift_opb = shift_opb >> 1; end begin : count reg [7:0] tempreg; count = 0; tempreg = rega; while (tempreg) begin if (tempreg) count = count + 1; tempreg = tempreg >> 1; end Looping statements (2/2) for (initial_assignment; condition; step_assignment) statement; begin initial_assignment; while (condition) begin statement; step_assignment; end
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 15 ) Procedural timing control Types of timing control Delay control An expression specifies the timing duration between initially encountering the statement and when the statement actually executes. Event control It allows statement execution to be delayed until the occurrence of some simulation event occurring. Implicit event & named event
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 16 ) Delay control A procedural statement following the delay control shall be delayed in its execution with respect to the procedural statement preceding the delay control by the specified delay. If the delay_expression evaluates to an unknown or high-impedance value, it shall be interpreted as zero delay. #d rega = regb; // d is defined as a parameter # ((d+e)/2) rega = regb; // delay is average of d and e #regr regr = regr +1; // delay is the value in regr #10 rega = regb; // the execution (assignment) is delayed by 10 time units. # delay_express statement;
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 17 ) Intra-assignment delay/event An intra-assignment delay or event shall delay the assignment of the new value to the LHS, but the RHS expression shall be evaluated before the delay, instead of after the delay. repeat (event_expression); // it wait until a times events occurances. a = #intra_assignment_delay statement; // the statement is evaluated, but the result // is updated to a after delay time units.
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 18 ) Implicit event Implicit event comes from the value changes on nets and variable. Kinds of event Positive edge Towards the value 1 Negative edge Towards the value 0 If the expression evaluates to more than a 1-bit result, the edge transitions shall be detected on the LSB. // level expression statement; // edge (posedge expression) (negedge expression) rega = regb; // controlled by any value change in (posedge clk) rega = (negedge clk) rega = regb; (posedge clk or negedge reset) begin … end (posedge clk or sig1 or sig2) begin … end // equivalent or b or c or d or f) y = (a & b) | (c & d) | myfunction(f); begin // equivalent or b or c or d or tmp1 or tmp2) tmp1 = a & b; tmp2 = c & d; y = tmp1 | tmp2; end begin // equivalent or b or c or d) x = a ^ // equivalent or d) x = c ^ d; end
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 19 ) Named event Named event is also called as abstract event. The keyword event declares a new data type called event. The event trigger operator -> makes event. module flop_event (clk, rstb, data, q, qb); input clk, rstb, data; output q, qb; reg q; event rise_event; assign q_bar = (posedge clk) -> (rise_event or negedge rstb) if (rstb==1b0) q <= 0; else q <= data; endmodule
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 20 ) Level-sensitive event control wait_statement ::= wait ( expression ) statement_or_null 10 enable b a begin wait (!enable) #10 a = b; #10 c = d; end /* If the value of enable is 1 when the block is entered, the wait statement will delay the evaluation of the next statement (#10 a = b;) until the value of enable changes to 0. If enable is already 0 when the begin-end block is entered, then the assignment a = b; is evaluated after a delay of 10 and no additional delay occurs. */ 10 enable b a begin wait (!enable) a = #10 b; #10 c = d; end /* If the value of enable is 1 when the block is entered, the wait statement will delay the evaluation of the next statement (a = #10 b;) until the value of enable changes to 0. If enable is already 0 when the begin-end block is entered, then the assignment a = b; is evaluated, but its effect is delayed of 10. */ Intra-assignment delay
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 21 ) Block statements The block statements are a means of grouping two or more statements together so that they act syntactically like a single statement. Types of block statement Sequential block Begin-end block The procedural statements in it shall be executed sequentially in the given order. Parallel block Fork-join block The procedural statements in it shall be executed concurrently. Block names The block statement can be named by adding : name_of_block after the keyword begin or fork.
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 22 ) Sequential and parallel block Sequential block Statements shall be executed in sequence, one after another. Control shall pass out of the block after the last statement executes. Parallel block Statement shall execute concurrently. Control shall pass out of the block when the last time-ordered statement executes. parameter d = 50; reg [7:0] r; begin : an_example_of_seq_block #d r = h35; #d r = hE2; #d r = h00; #d r = hF7; #d -> end_wave; end parameter d = 50; reg [7:0] r; fork : an_example_of_par_block #d r = h35; #d*2 r = hE2; #d*3 r = h00; #d*4 r = hF7; #d*5 -> end_wave; join
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 23 ) State machine Mealy state machine The output logic is always a function of the current state (state vector) and the inputs. Moore state machine The output logic is only a function of the current state, i.e. inputs are not included. State vector out_signal in_signals clk Next State logic Output logic State vector out_signal in_signals clk Next State logic Output logic
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 24 ) Implementing state machine One process approach One always block for computing and updating the state vector and outputs Two processes approach Case 1 One always block for updating the state vector One always block for both the output and the next state logic Case 2 One always block for output One always block for updating the state vector and the next state logic Three processes approach One always block for updating the state vector One always block for the output logic One always block for the next state logic
Copyright © by Ando KiIntroduction to Verilog-HDL module ( 25 ) Contents Verilog behavioral model Behavioral control constructs Procedural assignments Types of procedural assignments Procedural assignment 'if-else' statement 'case' statement Looping statements: forever, repeat, while, for Procedural timing control Delay control Implicit event Named event Level-sensitive event control Intra-assignment delay/event Block statement Sequential and parallel block State machine FSM example See the project 02
Modeling Sequential Logic Ando KI June 2009. Copyright © 2009 by Ando KiModule overview ( 2 ) Typical Sequential Components D Flip-Flop Counter Shift.
Conditional Statements. Program control statements modify the order of statement execution. Statements in a C program normally executes from top to bottom,
HPC Pipelining Parallelism is achieved by starting to execute one instruction before the previous one is finished. The simplest kind overlaps the execution.
Verilog - Operator, operand, expression and control - Ando KI Spring 2009.
Verilog RTL Coding Guideline for Synthesis and Simulation Ando KI June 2009.
Verilog - Gate and Switch Level Modeling - Ando KI Spring 2009.
Verilog - Hierarchy, Module, Port and Parameter - Ando KI Spring 2009.
© 2009 Avaya Inc. All rights reserved.1 Chapter Two, VoiceMail Pro Components Module Two – Actions, Variables & Conditions.
UNIT 2. Introduction to Computer Programming. COM E 211: Basic Computer Programming UNIT 2. Introduction to Computer Programming Algorithm & Flowcharting.
© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.23-1 Route Selection Using Policy Controls Applying Route-Maps as BGP Filters.
Sequences Sequences are patterns. Each pattern or number in a sequence is called a term. The number at the start is called the first term. The term-to-term.
Loader Design Options Linkage Editors Dynamic Linking Bootstrap Loaders.
Modeling Combinational Logic Ando KI June 2009. Copyright © 2009 by Ando KiModule overview ( 2 ) Typical Combinational Components Multiplexer Encoder.
Date:29.09.2014 File:GRAPH_02e.1 SIMATIC S7 Siemens AG 2000. All rights reserved. SITRAIN Training for Automation and Drives Project Planning and Configuration.
Operators and Arithmetic Operations. Operators An operator is a symbol that instructs the code to perform some operations or actions on one or more operands.
Operator Overloading Customised behaviour of operators Chapter: 08 Lecture: 26 & 27 Date: 24.09.2012.
PAT312, Section 21, December 2006 S21-1 Copyright 2007 MSC.Software Corporation SECTION 21 GROUPS.
Verilog - System Tasks/Functions and Compiler Directives - Ando KI Spring 2009.
© 2002 IBM Corporation Confidential | Date | Other Information, if necessary © Wind River Systems, released under EPL 1.0. All logos are TM of their respective.
AVL-Trees COMP171 Fall 2005. AVL Trees / Slide 2 Balanced binary tree * The disadvantage of a binary search tree is that its height can be as large as.
© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.INTRO v2.12-1 Building a Simple Ethernet Network Understanding How an Ethernet LAN Works.
SPLAY TREE The basic idea of the splay tree is that every time a node is accessed, it is pushed to the root by a series of tree rotations. This series.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. CVOICE v5.02-1 Configuring Voice Networks Configuring Dial Peers.
Loops Objectives Students will: 1. Explain what a loop is and describe the three main types of loops used in programming. 1. Дать понятие циклам. И объяснить.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BSCI v3.06-1 Implementing BGP Explaining BGP Concepts and Terminology.
Lecture # 54 1. Computer Architecture Computer Architecture = ISA + MO ISA stands for instruction set architecture is a logical view of computer system.
Verilog RTL Coding Guideline Ando KI June 2009. Copyright © 2007-2009 by Ando KiLecture overview ( 2 ) Contents Purposes of coding guidelines Principles.
Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals Chapter 7 Registers and Counters.
What to expect? How to prepare? What to do? How to win and find a good job? BUSINESS ENGLISH COURSE NOVA KAKHOVKA GUMNASUIM 2012.
Chapter 6 Digital Arithmetic: Operations and Circuits ECE 221 Intro. Digital Systems Fall Semester 2002 ECE Department, UMASS-Amherst Prof. Hill Prof.
Verilog Tutorial Ando KI Spring 2009. Copyright © 2007-2009 by Ando KiVerilog tutorial ( 2 ) Contents Design flow overview Hello world GUI based Command.
The problem of String Matching Given a string S, the problem of string matching deals with finding whether a pattern p occurs in S and if p does occur.
Unit II Constructor Cont… Destructor Default constructor.
Charles Kime & Thomas Kaminski © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. (Hyperlinks are active in View Show mode) Chapter 5 – Sequential Circuits Part 2 – Sequential.
Basic Input - Output. Output functions printf() – is a library function that displays information on-screen. The statement can display a simple text message.
Section 2.1: Use Inductive Reasoning Conjecture: A conjecture is an unproven statement that is based on observations; an educated guess. Inductive Reasoning:
Inner Classes. 2 Simple Uses of Inner Classes Inner classes are classes defined within other classes The class that includes the inner class is called.
Parity Generator & Checker Ando KI June 2009. Copyright © 2009 by Ando KiModule overview ( 2 ) Objectives Learn what is parity. Learn how to use Verilog.
11 BASIC DRESS-UP FEATURES. LESSON II : DRESS UP FEATURES 12.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. ICND v2.34-1 Managing IP Traffic with ACLs Introducing ACLs.
Week - 3 1 Finding and Processing files 2 locate Queries a pre-built database of paths to files on the system Database must be updated by administrator.
Combination. In mathematics a combination is a way of selecting several things out of a larger group, where (unlike permutations) order does not matter.
Here are multiplication tables written in a code. The tables are not in the correct order. Find the digit, represented by each letter.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. MPLS v2.25-1 MPLS VPN Implementation Configuring VRF Tables.
© 2006 Avaya Inc. All rights reserved. Network Small Community Network Network Small Community Network.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BSCI v3.03-1 Configuring OSPF Introducing the OSPF Protocol.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BSCI v3.03-1 Configuring OSPF Configuring OSPF Routing.
S4-1 PAT328, Section 4, September 2004 Copyright 2004 MSC.Software Corporation SECTION 4 FIELD IMPORT AND EXPORT.
ADVANCED DRESS-UP FEATURES 39. Once OK has been selected, your part will appear with the filleted area highlighted by orange lines at the boundaries.
Multiples Michael Marchenko. Definition In mathematics, a multiple is the product of any quantity and an integer. in other words, for the quantities a.
© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.INTRO v2.16-1 Ensuring the Reliability of Data Delivery Establishing a TCP Connection.
1/27 Chapter 9: Template Functions And Template Classes.
Www.ciscopress.com Copyright 2003 CCNA 2 Chapter 17 TCP/IP Suite Error and Control Messages By Your Name.
Time-Series Analysis and Forecasting – Part IV To read at home.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. MPLS v2.21-1 MPLS Concepts Introducing MPLS Labels and Label Stacks.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. MPLS v2.26-1 Complex MPLS VPNs Introducing Central Services VPNs.
A Bill is a proposal for a new law, or a proposal to change an existing law that is presented for debate before Parliament. Bills are introduced in either.
Www.ciscopress.com Copyright 2003 CCNA 3 Chapter 4 EIGRP By Your Name.
© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.INTRO v2.14-1 Connecting Networks Exploring How Routing Works.
Parachuting, also known as skydiving, is the activity of jumping from enough height to deploy a fabric parachute and land. Parachuting is performed as.
Copyright ® 2000 MSC.Software Results Animation S15-1 PAT301, Section 15, October 2003 SECTION 15 RESULTS ANIMATION.
Unit 2 Users Management. Users Every user is assigned a unique User ID number (UID) UID 0 identifies root User accounts normally start at UID 500 Users'
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. MPLS v2.25-1 MPLS VPN Implementation Configuring an MP-BGP Session Between PE Routers.
Lecture Outline : Production of Induced Force on a Current carrying wire Induced Voltage On A Conductor moving in a Magnetic Field A Linear DC Machine.
1 Cutaneous Melanoma. 2 Equivalent Terms, Definitions and Illustrations Skin only C440-C449 Definitions identify reportable tumors –Evolving melanoma.
Welcome to…. YOUR FIRST PART – START TO FINISH 2.
© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.INTRO v2.11-1 Building a Simple Serial Network Understanding the OSI Model.
A class is just a collection of variables--often of different types--combined with a set of related functions. The variables in the class are referred.
Running Commands & Getting Help. Running Commands Commands have the following syntax: command options arguments Each item is separated by a space Options.
© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.25-1 Customer-to-Provider Connectivity with BGP Connecting a Multihomed Customer to Multiple Service.
Data Types in C. A Data Type A data type is –A set of values AND –A set of operations on those values A data type is used to –Identify the type of a variable.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. MPLS v2.25-1 MPLS VPN Implementation Using MPLS VPN Mechanisms of Cisco IOS Platforms.
Centrifugal force (rotating reference frame). Centrifugal force (from Latin centrum "center" and fugere "to flee") can generally be any force directed.
Www.ciscopress.com Copyright 2003 CCNA 2 Chapter 16 Distance Vector Routing Protocols By Your Name.
WS9-1 PAT328, Workshop 9, May 2005 Copyright 2005 MSC.Software Corporation WORKSHOP 9 PARAMETERIZED GEOMETRY SHAPES.
DRAFTING TECHNIQUES II 155. Auxiliary Views Auxiliary Views are easily made. When more specific detail of a part is needed, go to the VIEWS toolbar, then.
S5-1 PAT328, Section 5, September 2004 Copyright 2004 MSC.Software Corporation SECTION 5 RESULTS TITLE EDITOR.
Michael Marchenko. In mathematics, a sequence is an ordered list of objects (or events). Like a set, it contains members (also called elements, or terms),
RLC circuit. An RLC circuit (or LCR circuit) is an electrical circuit consisting of a resistor, an inductor, and a capacitor, connected in series or in.
Diffraction and Interference. Interference and Diffraction Distinguish Waves from Particles O The key to understanding why light behaves like waves is.
1 Another useful model is autoregressive model. Frequently, we find that the values of a series of financial data at particular points in time are highly.
Searching Lesson Plan - 6. Contents Evocation Objective Introduction Sequential Search Algorithm Variations on sequential search Mind map Summary.
In The Name Of Allah, Most Gracious And Most Merciful.
Knot theory. In topology, knot theory is the study of mathematical knots. While inspired by knots which appear in daily life in shoelaces and rope, a.
TCP/IP Protocol Suite 1 Chapter 12 Upon completion you will be able to: Transmission Control Protocol Be able to name and understand the services offered.
Object-Oriented Programming Ramzi Saifan Program Control Slides adapted from Steven Roehrig.
Mobility Control and one-X Mobile. Mobility Control User Configuration Mobile Call Control requires PRI-U, BRI or SIP (RFC2833) trunks in the IP Office.
Example of accounting for salvage value (see last lecture)
© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BGP v3.27-1 Optimizing BGP Scalability Implementing BGP Peer Groups.
WS4-1 PAT328, Workshop 4, September 2004 Copyright 2004 MSC.Software Corporation WORKSHOP 4 POST PROCESSING USING PLOT SET.
Unknot The unknot arises in the mathematical theory of knots. Intuitively, the unknot is a closed loop of rope without a knot in it. A knot theorist would.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. HIPS v3.02-1 Configuring Groups and Policies Configuring Policies.
Project My Future Profession Made by: Kolesnikova Olga Form: 8 «V»
DRAFTING TECHNIQUES I 136. Here is a basic shape. From here, we will do some advanced drafting once we put this shape on a sheet as a drawing. Select.
Polynomial In mathematics, a polynomial is an expression of finite length constructed from variables (also called indeterminates) and constants, using.
Delegation Meaning When a manager is burdened with duties beyond his capacity, he should assign some of his work to some other person. For this managers.
Convolutional Codes Mohammad Hanaysheh Mahdi Barhoush.
PERT/CPM PROJECT SCHEDULING Allocation of resources. Includes assigning the starting and completion dates to each part (or activity) in such a manner that.
© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. BSCI v3.05-1 Manipulating Routing Updates Controlling Routing Update Traffic.
While its always a good idea to think outside the box when approaching a creative task, this is not always the case. For example, when working with teams,
Еще похожие презентации в нашем архиве:
© 2017 MyShared Inc. All rights reserved.