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Direct and Reported Speech ( Понятие о прямой и косвенной речи ) Прямая речь - это речь, переданная дословно, без изменений. Перед прямой речью или после нее стоит предложение, вводящее в прямую речь: Лена говорит Нине: «Я хочу обедать» Lena tells Nina, I want to have dinner. Косвенная речь - это способ передачи чужой речи. Она представляет собой придаточное предложение, которому предшествует главное или следует за ним. Лена говорит Нине, что хочет обедать. Lena tells Nina that she wants to have dinner.
Reported Statements The girl says, I love my cat very much. The girlsays,Imylove verymuch. cat The girlsays much. herthatloves very she cat The girl says that she loves her cat very much.
Practice Reported Statements Ex.1 ( Настоящее время в главном предл.) 1. Robert says, The film is funny. Robert says (that) the film is funny. 2. I am starting a new job next week, she says. She says that she is starting a new job next week. 3. Bob says to Mum, I don`t like this jacket. Bob says Mum that he doesn`t like this jacket. 4. I may come late tonight, her sister says. Her sister tells that she may come late tonight.
Reported Statements The girl said, I love my cat very much. The girlsaid,Imylove verymuch. cat The girlsaid much. herthatloved very she cat The girl said that she loved her cat very much.
Замена обстоятельств времени и места, указат.местоимений (прошел. время в главном предл.) today – that day tonight – that night yesterday – the day before tomorrow – the next day a week ago - a week before last year – the year before next year- the following year this evening – that evening now – then this – that these – those here - there Меняются и модальные глаголы Shall – should Will - would Can – could May – might Must – had to Have - had
Согласование времен (прошелшее время в главном предл) Present Simple- Past Simple works-worked Present Perfect-Past Perfecthas worked-had worked Future Simple-Future-in-the-pastwill work-would work Past Simple-Past Perfectworked-had worked Present Continues-Past Continuesis working-was working
Practice Reported Statements Ex.2 (Прошедшее время в главном предл.) 1. She said, I wasn`t happy when I smoked. She said that she wasn`t happy when she smoked. 2. I got my exam results last week, Dan said. Dan told that he had got his exam result a week before. 3. We won`t be late again, boys said. The boy said (promised) that they won`t be late again. 4. Dad said, There is too much violence on TV. Dad said that there was too much violence on TV
Reported Statements. Ex.3 1. Jack told the policeman, I have lost my passport. 2. Henry said to me, I didn1t take your car. 3. Mary said, I don`t to wear my old dress. 4. My friend told me, We have a lot of time. 5. I said to my sister, George has written me a long letter. 6. Kate said to me, I feel very bad.
Key Ex.3 1. Jack told the policeman (that) he had lost his passport. 2. Henry told me (that) he hadn`t taken my car. 3. Mary said she didn`t wear her old dress. 4. My friend told me that we had a lot of time. 5. I told my sister that George had written me a long letter. 6. Kate told me that she felt very bad.
Домашнее задание: Рабочая тетрадь: упр. 7, 8, с. 45