Презентация на тему: " МОУ Удельнинская гимназия Современные технологии при изучении иностранных языков The Olympic Games Автор: учитель английского языка Миргород Надежда Васильевна." — Транскрипт:
МОУ Удельнинская гимназия Современные технологии при изучении иностранных языков The Olympic Games Автор: учитель английского языка Миргород Надежда Васильевна 2011г.
Современные технологии при изучении иностранных языков Применение информационно- коммуникационных технологий с использованием средств мультимедиа The Olympic Games 215
Ancient Olympics The Olympic Games are an international sports festival that began in ancient Greece. In those days Greek games took place every four years. They included not only sports competitions but also competitions in music, oratory and theatre performances.
Ancient Olympics The earliest information about the Olympic Games goes back to 776 ВС. The ancient Olympics had only one athletic event a footrace or a race for runners of about 183 metres (the length of the stadium).
Ancient Olympics Only men could compete or watch the Games. During the Games there was peace in the country. The winners of the Games became national heroes! For 1000 years the Games were at regular intervals of four years.
When the Greeks were conquered by the Romans in the second century B.C. a decline of the Games began. In A.D. 393, the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I banned the Games.
Emperor Theodosius ordered the total destruction of Olympia's temples because he thought that they were a pagan festival.
Revival of the Modern Games At the end of the nineteenth century a Frenchman called Baron Pierre de Coubertin decided to try to revive the Olympic Games. At that time, Europe was divided by wars. Coubertin thought that the Olympic Games could help to bring peace. He thought highly of sport. He described the Olympic spirit in the following words: "The important thing is not winning but taking part." These words are still remembered today.
Revival of the Modern Games Coubertin believed very strongly that sportsmen must not compete for money, but for glory (слава) and for the honour of their country.
At first nobody was interested in his ideas. But Coubertin did not give up and worked hard. In 1894 he formed the International Olympic Committee.
On 5 April 1896 in Athens, Greece, the Olympic Games began again, after nearly fifteen centuries. They were a success. Athletes from thirteen countries came to Greece to compete in nine sports.
Since then the Olympic Games have become the most important sports event in the world.
Like in ancient times, the Olympic Games take place every four years, but were interrupted in 1916, 1940 and 1944 by World Wars.
The second Olympic Games took place in Paris, France. It was at the Paris Games that women were first allowed to compete.
The first Winter Olympics were held in 1924 in Chamonix, France. The tradition of the Winter Olympic Games also began.
Symbols In 1913 Coubertin found an emblem of five linked rings. They became a symbol of the Olympic Games. These five rings represent five parts of the world: Europe, America, Australia, Africa, Asia.
The Olympic Flag The five coloured rings on a white field form the Olympic Flag. The colours: white, red, blue, green, yellow and black, were chosen because each nation has at least one of these colours in its national flag.
The Olympic Motto is "Swifter, Higher,Stronger."
The Olympic Creed The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle.
The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.
The Olympic Flame Prior to each Games, the Olympic Flame is lit in Olympia, Greece and brought to the host city by runners carrying the torch in relay.
There it plays an important role in the Opening Ceremonies. The flame has been an Olympic symbol since 1928.
The Olympic mascot The Olympic mascot, an animal or human figure representing the cultural heritage of the host country, was introduced in It has played an important part of the Games since 1980 with the debut of Misha, a Russian bear.
Olympic Games host cities Years Summer Winter Olympic Games 1896 Greece 1900 France 1904 USA 1908 England 1912 Sweden 1920 Belgium 1924 France France 1928 Netherlands Switzerland 1932 USA USA 1936 Germany Germany
1948 England Switzerland 1952 Finland Norway 1956 Australia Italy 1960 Italy USA 1964 Japan Austria 1968 Mexico France 1972 Germany Japan 1976 Canada Austria 1980 USSR (Russia) 1984 USA Yugoslavia
1988 Korea Canada 1992 Spain France 1996 USA 1994 Norway 2000 Australia 1998 Japan 2004 Greece 2002 Salt Lake City 2008 China 2006 Italy 2010 Canada 2012 XXX UK 2014 ХХП Russia
The greatest wish for all the sportsmen is to win a medal, or simply to take part in the Olympic Games.
Millions of people watch them, supporting their favourite teams and athletes. Many things have changed but like in ancient times winners of the Olympics become national heroes in their countries.
French and English are the official languages of the Olympic movement. The other official language used at each respective Olympic Games is the language of the host country.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) heads the Olympic movement. Among other things the Committee chooses the place for the coming Olympics. It is a great honour for a city to become an Olympic one.
Now the Olympic Games are the most important sports event in the world.
Answer the following questions. Why did Coubertin decide to revive the Olympic Games at the end of the 19th century? When did the Ancient Olympic Games begin? When did the Olympic Games begin again? What has become a symbol of the Olympic Games? What does this symbol mean? Are the Olympic Games popular now? Where and when were the first Olympic Games held? Which countries were the hosts of the Olympic Games for three times? When and in what city in Russia were the Olympic Games held?
Do you think the following sentences are true or false? 1. Pierre de Coubertin was a famous sportsman. 2. Six linked rings are the emblem of the Olympic Games. 3. The Olympic motto can be described in the following words: "The important thing is not taking part but winning." 4. Now the Olympic Games are the most important sports event in the world. 5. It is a great honour for a city to become an Olympic one.
При создании данной презентации были использованы: 1.Учебн.англ.яз English-VIIIО.В. Афанасьева, И.В.Михеева,2008г. 2. Учебн.англ.язEnjoy English-7 М.З.Биболетова, 2008г. 3. Информационный материал из Интернета I mages.yandex.ru 4.. Мелодия «Гимн России» 5. Мелодия «Сиртаки» Автор презентации: Миргород Н.В.- учитель английского языка Удельнинская гимназия март 2011 г.