Past Perfect употребляется для выражения: Прошедшего действия, совершившегося до определенного момента в прошлом, который определяется: а) обстоятельствами времени; б) другим, более поздним, прошедшим действием; в) ситуацией или контекстом.
by two oclock к двум часам by noon к полудню by Saturday к субботе by the 15 th of September к 15 сентября by then к этому/тому времени by that time к тому времени by the end of the week к концу недели by the end of the year к концу года
_______ had + v 3 (d + v 3 ) He had played. I had played. They had played.
_______ had not + v 3 (hadnt + v 3 ) He had not played. I hadnt played. They hadnt played.
Wh had ______ v 3 ? Had he played? When had you played? How had they played?
Fortunately the rain had stopped before we left the house. – К счастью, дождь закончился до того, как мы ушли. By the time I came home my family had already finished dinner. – К тому времени, как я пришел домой, моя семья уже поужинала.
1. When I (to come) home, mother already (to cook) dinner. 2. When father (to return) from work, we already (to do) our homework. 3. When the teacher (to enter) the classroom, the pupils already (to open) their books. 4. Kate (to give) me the book which she (to buy) the day before. 5. Nick (to show) the teacher the picture which he (to draw).
6. The boy (to give) the goats the grass which he (to bring) from the field. 7. Mother (to see) that Nick (not to wash) his hands. 8. The teacher (to understand) that Lena (not to do) her homework. 9. When we (to come) to the station, the train already (to leave) 10. Tom (to return) from the cinema at five o'clock.
1. came, had cooked 2. returned, had already done 3. entered, had already opened 4. gave, had bought 5. showed, had drawn 6. gave, had brought 7. saw, hadnt washed 8. understood, hadnt done 9. came, had already left 10. returned