PECULIARITIES OF THE FINNISH LANGUAGE Stukolkina Ksenia 11 G. - презентация
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PECULIARITIES OF THE FINNISH LANGUAGE Stukolkina Ksenia 11 G
Introduction The Goal of Research is to understand the peculiarities of the Finnish language; The tasks are to learn articles and materials of the native Finland; The subject of the research is the Finnish language; The object is philology.
Where is Finland? Population is approximately 6 million people
The first comprehensive writing system for Finnish was created by Mikael Agricola, a Finnish bishop, in the 16th century.
Modernization Elias Lönnrot as depicted in a 19th century caricature Lönnrot made several journeys to Karelia and Eastern Finland to collect folklore, from which he compiled the Kalevala.
In the 19th century Johan Vilhelm Snellman and others began to stress the need to improve the status of Finnish. Snellman's Hegelian nationalistic ideas of Finnish as a full-fledged national language gained considerable considerablesupport.
The first novel written in Finnish (and by a Finnish-speaker) was Seven Brothers, published by Aleksis Kivi in Aleksis KIVI
Grammar There are the most common cases: Nominative (-) answers question what? who? Nominative (-) answers question what? who? Genitive (-n) whose? Genitive (-n) whose? Essive (–na/-nä) where? what kind? Essive (–na/-nä) where? what kind? Partitive (–a/-ä, -ta/-tä) whom? Partitive (–a/-ä, -ta/-tä) whom? Translative (-ksi)By what time? What kind? Translative (-ksi)By what time? What kind? Inessive (–ssa/-ssä)where? in what? (inside) Inessive (–ssa/-ssä)where? in what? (inside) Ellative (–sta/-stä)about what? from what? Ellative (–sta/-stä)about what? from what? Adessive (–lla/-llä)onto what? who has got? (outside) Adessive (–lla/-llä)onto what? who has got? (outside) Ablative (-lta/-ltä)from what? (outside) Ablative (-lta/-ltä)from what? (outside) Allative (–lle) to whom? To what? Allative (–lle) to whom? To what?
Word order purra –bite, koira – dog, mies - man FinnishEnglish 'koira puri miestä' 'the dog bit the man' 'miestä puri koira 'the man was bitten by a/the dog 'koira miestä puri 'the dog bit the man '
Neologisms Some modern terms have been synthesised rather than borrowed, for example: puhelin "telephone" (literally: "chatter" + instrument suffix "-in" to make "an instrument for chattering") puhelin "telephone" (literally: "chatter" + instrument suffix "-in" to make "an instrument for chattering") tietokone "computer" (literally: "knowledge machine") tietokone "computer" (literally: "knowledge machine") levyke "diskette" (from levy "disc" + a diminutive -ke) levyke "diskette" (from levy "disc" + a diminutive -ke) sähköposti " " (literally: "electrical mail") sähköposti " " (literally: "electrical mail") linja-auto "bus" (literally: route-car) linja-auto "bus" (literally: route-car)
Basic greetings (Hyvää) huomenta – Good morning (Hyvää) päivää – Good afternoon (literally "Good day") (Hyvää) iltapäivää – Good afternoon (Hyvää) iltaa – Good evening Hyvää yötä / Öitä – Good night / Good night Terve! / Moro! – Hello! Hei! / Moi! – Hi! Heippa! / Moikka! / Hei hei! / Moi moi! – Bye! Nähdään – See you later (literally "will be seen") Näkemiin / Hyvästi – Goodbye Hauska tutustua! – Nice to meet you Kiitos – Thank you Mitä kuuluu? – How are you / How you doing? (Not used among strangers.) (literally "what is heard?") Kiitos hyvää – I'm fine, thank you Tervetuloa! – Welcome!
Important words and phrases kyllä – yes ei – no, not minä, sinä, hän – I, you, he/she me, te, he – we, you, they (minä) olen – I am (sinä) olet – you are yksi, kaksi, kolme – one, two, three (minä) rakastan sinua – I love you anteeksi – forgive me, excuse me totta kai – of course Suomi – Finland suomi – Finnish language suomalainen – (noun) Finn; (adjective) Finnish En ymmärrä – I don't understand Ymmärrän – I understand Puhut(te)ko englantia? – Do you speak English?
Some sounds are a bit difficult to produce for foreigners. Because in Finnish both vowels and consonants can be short (written with one letter) or long (written with two letters). The length is distinctive, i.e. there are (a lot of) words differing only in the length of differing only in the length of a sound. For instance, you should pronounce "lakki should pronounce "lakki 'cap' with a clearly 'cap' with a clearly prolonged k to distinguish it from "laki" 'law'. Finnish pronunciation
The fact that Finland borders on Russia makes the relationships of these countries very important to both of them, cause its more convenient to trade with the nearest country than to use lots of money for overcoming the great space between some other ones.
The Finns pay more attention to the people around them than the Russians do. They care about the society. For example, there are thermoses with coffee and pockets with cream in Finnish supermarkets. So, people can drink coffee while selecting goods. This service is free.
Resaech. To understand the importance of the Finnish language among our students a test has been given to 11 pupils of 11th classes, to 10 pupils of 7 th classes and to 6 pupils of 9 th classes.
Task 1. Pupils needed to recognize the most common Finnish phrases.
Task 2. We found out what is pupils opinion about Finland.