Types of pollution Air Pollution Water Pollution Thermal Pollution Soil Pollution Radioactive Pollution
Air pollution Imbalance in the quality of air so as to cause adverse affects on the living organisms existing on earth.
Causes of air pollution 1.Natural sources Volcanic eruptions Forest fires Pollen grains of flowers 2.Man-made sources Deforestation Emission from vehicles Rapid industrialization Wars
Water Pollution – Contamination of water by addition of undesirable organic, inorganic or biological substances to water sources –Natural sources: soil erosion, leaching of minerals from of rocks and decay matter. –Industrial effluents –Destroys ecosystem and effects human health
Sources of water pollution Community waste waters Industrial wastes Agricultural sources Under ground water pollution Marine pollution Thermal pollution
Soil pollution Undesirable change in the physical, chemical or biological property which adversely affects its productivity Caused by dumping of wastes, agrochemicals and as indirect result of air pollution
Radioactive pollution Physical pollution that affects air, water and soil. Caused by ionizing radiations of harmful nature emitted from disintegrating atomic nuclei. The natural sources include cosmic rays that reaches the earth surface and radiations from radium 224, uranium 235 thorium 232 etc
Man made sources Nuclear weapons Reactors and Nuclear fuel Waste waters containing these wastes X-rays used in medical practices Ultra violet rays present in solar radiations
Effects Mutation Cancer Radioactive substances in food chain cause retarded growth and bone cancer. Increases infant mortality rate
Noise pollution Unwanted high pitch sound that pollutes the environment. Maximum tolerable intensity of sound is 85 decibels The main sources are automobiles, aero planes, loudspeakers, industries and other electro-mechanical devices.
Effects of noise pollution Damage to ear drum and impairment to hearing. Damages heart, liver and brain Emotional disturbances and behavioral changes Leads to anxiety and stress
Thermal Pollution The term thermal pollution has been used to indicate the detrimental effects of heated effluents discharged by various power plants.
Causes of thermal pollution Nuclear power plants Coal fired power plants Industrial effluents