The territory of USA: Central part Hawaii (In1959 became the 50 th state of the USA) Alaska (Bought by USA in 1867) Capital - Washington The area of the country – 9.4 million sq.km. Population – 280 million people Politics – Republic The political system – federation, 50 states and the Federal District Colombia Basic information about the country:
State symbols of USA 13 white and red stripes symbolize the 13 states that formed the nation. 50 stars represent the number of states Approved in Pictured bald eagle with outstretched wings, which holds in paws an olive branch with 13 leaves and 13 oils and 13 arrows. It symbolizes peace and war, "U.S. seeks peace but always ready for war." FlagCoat of arms
U.S. Presidents The first – George Washington In 1789 he was elected the first President of the United States and served in that post until th - Barack Obama In the elections of November 4, 2008 defeated Republican candidate John McCain and 20 January 2009 became the first-ever black president of USA.
Today, U.S. forces are among the largest in the world. U.S. military budget for 2010 amounted to 668 billion U.S. dollars. U.S. forces include the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. As of April 2007, 1,426,700 men served in regular units of the armed forces and 1,458,500 people in reserve units.
The major rivers are: Hudson Mississippi Missouri Colorado Colombia Snake Rio Grande Ohio Climate of the USA The climate of continental United States is predominantly temperate mild, in Hawaii with the highest rainfall in the world and in Alaska - a stern and cold with permanent snow cover.
Washington – the capital of the USA Capitol - House of Congress, the highest legislative body of the country White House - the residence of the U.S. President in Washington, DC Area sq. m. km Population - 582,049 people (2005) (with suburbs outside the District of Columbia - more than 5 million). In Washington, U.S. President's residence contained (White House), Congress, Supreme Court, State Department, Department of Defense (Pentagon) and other government agencies.
The largest city. New York Located at the mouth of the Hudson River, on the Atlantic coast. Population: 7.3 million inhabitants. United Nations Headquarters, commercial and financial center of the world (New York Stock Exchange) Broadway - the longest street of New York City (25 km.) Here are the world- famous theaters The building of the UN headquarters, opened in 1950 Empire State Building up 102 floors, 381 meters (448 meters with antenna).
Statue of Liberty – the symbol of independence Goddess of Liberty holding a torch in her right hand and the left side plate. The inscription on the plate indicating "July 4, 1776", the date of signing of the Declaration of Independence. One leg of the Statue is on the broken shackles. Height from ground to the tip of the torch - 93 meters Height of the statue from the pedestal to the top of the torch - 46.
The largest city. Chicago City in illinois, located on the shore of Lake Michigan, the second largest in the United States, an important industrial, commercial and cultural center of the Midwest. Population: 3 million in the city, 9.7 million - in the metropolitan area Business Center. Chicago Ukrainian Church in Chicago Lake Michigan and Chicago from space
The largest city. Los-Angeles Urban agglomeration and port in southwestern California. Population: 3.5 million., With the suburbs million Landmarks: Hollywood, the center of the film industry in1911, Disneyland, Museum of Art - John Paul Getty. Avenue of Stars in Hollywood Center of Los Angeles Disneyland
Holidays In the USA, celebrating more than 50 significant dates of historical and religious character. National holidays: January 1 - New Year; February 22 - Birthday of George Washington; 4th of July - Independence Day; November 11 - Veterans Day (Day of Reconciliation) December 25 - Christmas Day. National (federal) holidays are also Labor Day, which is celebrated on the first Monday in September, Thanksgiving Day, celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November.
Traditional dishes of Americans on Thanksgiving - turkey and pumpkin pie Thanksgiving day In New York is a grand parade in honor of Thanksgiving, which organizes the largest department store in the world "Macy" In the far 1621 the first settlers of Plymouth Colony invited to share lunch Indians who helped them survive in unfamiliar conditions. Since this year and is celebrated Thanksgiving
Sights of nature. Grand Canyon Grand Canyon, or Grand Canyon of Colorado - Canyon, located in northwest Arizona on the Colorado Plateau in the middle reaches of the Colorado River. Length canyon 446 km, depth - up to 1600 m in width at the surface of the plateau km, near the bottom - less than 1 km (in some areas - up to 120 m). Within the canyon of the Colorado River flowing at a speed of 25 km / h.
Sights of nature. Niagara falls Niagara Falls - the most powerful waterfall in North America. Located on the Niagara River that connects Lake Erie and Ontario. Height of the waterfall - 53 meters
Sights of nature. Yellowstone National Park Yellowstone National Park - located in the northwest of the U.S. Rocky Mountains. Area of hectares. Founded in 1872, the oldest in the U.S.. The largest cluster of geysers and hot springs (more than 3000, including Ekselsior geyser jet with height up to 90 m)