The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain. The UK consists of : England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland..
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated off the north – west coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean in the north – west and the North Sea in the east. The United Kingdom has an area of square kilometers ( square miles). The capital of the country is London. English is an official language.
The United Kingdom has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round. The temperature varies with the seasons seldom dropping below 11 °C or rising above 35 °C. Atlantic currents, warmed by the Gulf Stream, bring mild winters; especially in the west where winters are wet and even more so over high ground. Summers are warmest in the south-east of England, being closest to the European mainland, and coolest in the north.